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Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity

Baker, Philip R. A., Francis, Daniel P., Soares, Jesus, Weightman, Alison Lesley and Foster, Charles 2015. Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1) , CD008366. 10.1002/14651858.CD008366.pub3

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Not having enough physical activity leads to poorer health. Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of chronic disease and improve one's health and wellbeing. The lack of physical activity is a common and in some cases a growing health problem. To address this, 33 studies have used improvement activities directed at communities, using more than one approach in a single program. When we first looked at the available research in 2011 we observed that there was a lack of good studies which could show whether this approach was beneficial or not. Some studies claimed that community wide programs improved physical activities and other studies did not. In this update we found four new studies that were of good quality; however none of these four studies increased physical activity levels for the population. Some studies reported program level effects such as observing more people walking, however the population level of physical activity had not increased. This review found that community wide interventions are very difficult to undertake, and it appears that they usually fail to provide a measurable benefit in physical activity for a population. It is apparent that many of the interventions failed to reach a substantial portion of the community, and we speculate that some single strategies included in the combination may lack individual effectiveness.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Information Services
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:39

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