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Number of items: 270.

Foxwell, David A, Pradhan, Sara, Zouwail, Soha, Rainer, Timothy H and Phillips, Aled O 2019. Epidemiology of emergency department acute kidney injury. Nephrology 10.1111/nep.13672
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Rainer, T.H., Hung, K.K.C., Yeung, J.H.H., Cheung, S.K.C., Leung, Y.K., Leung, L.Y., Goggins, W.B., Ho, H.F., Kam, C.W., Cheung, N.K. and Graham, C.A. 2019. Trajectory of functional outcome and health status after moderate-to-major trauma in Hong Kong: A prospective 5 year cohort study. Injury 50 (5) , pp. 1111-1117. 10.1016/j.injury.2019.02.017
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Cooper, Alison, Davies, Freya, Edwards, Michelle, Anderson, Pippa, Carson-Stevens, Andrew, Cooke, Matthew W, Donaldson, Liam, Dale, Jeremy, Evans, Bridie Angela, Hibbert, Peter D, Hughes, Thomas C, Porter, Alison, Rainer, Tim, Siriwardena, Aloysius, Snooks, Helen and Edwards, Adrian 2019. The impact of general practitioners working in or alongside emergency departments: a rapid realist review. BMJ Open 9 (4) , e024501. 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024501
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Watt, F.E., Corp, N., Kingsbury, S.R., Frobell, R., Englund, M., Felson, D.T., Levesque, M., Majumdar, S., Wilson, C., Beard, D.J., Lohmander, L.S., Kraus, V.B., Roemer, F., Conaghan, P.G., Mason, Deborah J., Adams, J., Blank, M., Batt, M., Biggs, Paul, Busse-Morris, Monica, Button, Kate, Calder, J., Cook, J., Edwards, C., Fisheleva, E., Hamilton, D.F., Harrison, H., Holt, Catherine, Jones, M., Jones, R., Kluzek, S., Knight, T., Nuki, G., Parekh, S., Peat, G., Pothet, C., Rainer, Timothy, Robinson, N., Sawle, Leanne, Vincent, T., Williams, A., Wise, E., Zhang, W. and Bierma-Zeinstra, S. 2019. Towards prevention of post-traumatic osteoarthritis: report from an international expert working group on considerations for the design and conduct of interventional studies following acute knee injury. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 27 (18) , pp. 23-33. 10.1016/j.joca.2018.08.001
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Mao, Haifeng, Wu, Qianyi, Lin, Peiyi, Mo, Junrong, Jiang, Huilin, Lin, Shaopeng, Rainer, Timothy H. and Chen, Xiaohui 2019. Derivation of a prediction rule for unfavorable outcome after ischemic stroke in the Chinese population. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases 28 (1) , pp. 133-141. 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.09.025
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Mistry, Dylan A. and Rainer, Timothy H 2018. Concussion assessment in the Emergency Department: A preliminary study for a quality improvement project. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine 4 (1) , e000445. 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000445
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Li, Yan-ling, Mo, Jun-rong, Cheng, Nga-man, Chan, Stewart S.W., Lin, Pei-yi, Chen, Xiao-hui, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2018. Gestalt for shock and mortality in the emergency department: A prospective study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 36 (6) , pp. 988-992. 10.1016/j.ajem.2017.11.007
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Jiang, Huilin, Li, Yunmei, Mo, Junrong, Chen, Xiaohui, Li, Min, Lin, Peiyi, Hung, Kevin KC, Rainer, Timothy H and Graham, Colin A 2018. Comparison of outcomes in emergency department patients with suspected cardiac chest pain: two-centre prospective observational study in Southern China. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 18 , 95. 10.1186/s12872-018-0814-4
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Holmes, J., Rainer, Timothy H., Geen, J., Williams, J. D. and Phillips, A. O. 2018. Adding a new dimension to the weekend effect: an analysis of a national data set of electronic AKI alerts. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine 111 (4) , pp. 249-255. 10.1093/qjmed/hcy012
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Moore, Chris, Bulger, Jenna, Morgan, Matt, Driscoll, Timothy, Porter, Alison, Islam, Saiful, Smyth, Mike, Perkins, Gavin, Sewell, Bernadette, Rainer, Timothy, Nanayakkara, Prabath, Okolie, Chukwudi, Allen, Susan, Fegan, Greg, Davies, Jan, Foster, Theresa, Francis, Nick, Smith, Fang Gao, Ellis, Gemma, Shanahan, Tracy, Howe, Robin and Snooks, Helen 2018. Prehospital recognition and antibiotics for 999 patients with sepsis: protocol for a feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 4 , 64. 10.1186/s40814-018-0258-8
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Bekelis, Kimon, Hung, Kevin K. C., Graham, Colin A., Lo, Ronson S.L., Leung, Yuk Ki, Leung, Ling Yan, Man, S. Y., Woo, W. K., Cattermole, Giles N and Rainer, Timothy 2018. Oral paracetamol and/or ibuprofen for treating pain after soft tissue injuries: Single centre double-blind, randomised controlled clinical trial. PLoS ONE 13 (2) , e0192043. 10.1371/journal.pone.0192043
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Leung, Yuk-ki, Cheng, Nga-man, Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Lee, Anna, Wong, Jeffrey Ka-tak, Yan, Bryan Ping-yen, Ahuja, Anil Tejbhan, Graham, Colin Alexander and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2017. Early exclusion of major adverse cardiac events in emergency department chest pain patients: A prospective observational study. Journal of Emergency Medicine 53 (3) , pp. 287-294. 10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.05.006
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Ho, Leo S.T., Jones, Alice Y.M. and Rainer, Timothy 2017. Predicted VO2max and effectiveness of external chest compression by Chinese nurses. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 24 (4) , pp. 268-271. 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000336

Rainer, Timothy H., Leung, L.Y., Chan, C.P.Y., Leung, Y.K., Cheng, N.M., Lai, P.B.S., Cheung, Y.S. and Graham, C.A. 2017. Circulating human leucine-rich a-2-glycoprotein 1 mRNA and protein levels to detect acute appendicitis in patients with acute abdominal pain. Clinical Biochemistry 50 (9) , pp. 485-490. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2017.02.010
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Cattermole, Giles N., Leung, P. Y. Mia, Ho, Grace Y. L., Lau, Peach W. S., Chan, Cangel P. Y., Chan, Stewart S. W., Smith, Brendan E., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2017. The normal ranges of cardiovascular parameters measured using the ultrasonic cardiac output monitor. Physiological Reports 5 (6) , e13195. 10.14814/phy2.13195
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Galvin, Rose, Gilleit, Yannick, Wallace, Emma, Cousins, Gráinne, Bolmer, Manon, Rainer, Timothy, Smith, Susan M. and Fahey, Tom 2017. Adverse outcomes in older adults attending emergency departments: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the Identification of Seniors At Risk (ISAR) screening tool. Age and Ageing 46 (2) , pp. 179-186. 10.1093/ageing/afw233
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Holmes, J, Rainer, Timothy, Geen, J, Roberts, G, May, K, Wilson, N, Williams, JD and Phillips, Aled 2016. Acute kidney injury in the era of the AKI E-Alert. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 11 10.2215/CJN.05170516
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Sung, Joseph J.Y., Tang, Raymond S.Y., Ching, Jessica Y.L., Rainer, Timothy and Lau, James Y.W. 2016. Use of capsule endoscopy in the emergency department as a triage of patients with GI bleeding. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 84 (6) , pp. 907-913. 10.1016/j.gie.2016.04.043
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So, Jerome LT, Chow, Eric PF, Cattermole, Giles N, Graham, Colin A and Rainer, Timothy 2016. Finger counting method is more accurate than age-based weight estimation formulae in estimating the weight of Hong Kong children presenting to the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Australasia 28 (6) , pp. 691-697. 10.1111/1742-6723.12644

Mao, Haifeng, Lin, Peiyi, Mo, Junrong, Li, Yunmei, Chen, Xiaohui, Rainer, Timothy and Jiang, Huilin 2016. Development of a new stroke scale in an emergency setting. BMC Neurology 16 (1) , 168. 10.1186/s12883-016-0695-z
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Rainer, Timothy, Leung, Ling Yan, Chan, Cangel Pui Yee, Leung, Yuk Ki, Abrigo, Jill Morales, Wang, Defeng and Graham, Colin A. 2016. Plasma miR-124-3p and miR-16 concentrations as prognostic markers in acute stroke. Clinical Biochemistry 49 (9) , pp. 663-668. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2016.02.016

Wong, Martin C. S., Nelson, E. Anthony S., Leung, Czarina, Lee, Nelson, Chan, Martin C.W., Choi, Kin Wing, Rainer, Timothy H., Cheng, Frankie W.T., Wong, Samuel Y.S., Lai, Christopher K.C., Lam, Bosco, Cheung, Tak Hong, Leung, Ting Fan and Chan, Paul K.S. 2016. Ad hoc influenza vaccination during years of significant antigenic drift in a tropical city with 2 seasonal peaks. Medicine 95 (19) , e3359. 10.1097/MD.0000000000003359
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Chan, Stewart Siu-Wa, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2016. Hypertension in the emergency department. Current Hypertension Reports 18 (5) , 37. 10.1007/s11906-016-0647-4

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Cheng, Chi Hung, Janssens, Hein J. E. M., Man, Chi Yin, Tam, Lai Shan, Choi, Yu Fai, Yau, Wah Hon, Lee, Ka Hing and Graham, Colin Alexander 2016. Oral prednisolone in the treatment of acute gout. Annals of Internal Medicine 164 (7) , pp. 464-471. 10.7326/M14-2070

Chan, Stewart SW, Tse, Mandy M, Chan, Cangel PY, Tai, Marcus CK, Graham, Colin A and Rainer, Timothy 2016. Haemodynamic changes in emergency department patients with poorly controlled hypertension. Hong Kong Medical Journal 22 (2) , pp. 116-123. 10.12809/hkmj154566

Chen, Xiaohui, Li, Min, Jiang, Huilin, Li, Yunmei, Mo, Junrong, Lin, Peiyi, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2016. STEMI outcomes in Guangzhou and Hong Kong: two-centre retrospective interregional study. PLoS ONE 11 (3) , e0149981. 10.1371/journal.pone.0149981
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Schierenberg, Alwin, Minnaard, Margaretha C., Hopstaken, Rogier M., van de Pol, Alma C., Broekhuizen, Berna D. L., de Wit, Niek J., Reitsma, Johannes B., van Vugt, Saskia F., Graffelman, Aleida W., Melbye, Hasse, Rainer, Timothy, Steurer, Johann, Holm, Anette, Gonzales, Ralph, Dinant, Geert-Jan, de Groot, Joris A. H. and Verheij, Theo J. M. 2016. External validation of prediction models for pneumonia in primary care patients with lower respiratory tract infection: an individual patient data meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 11 (2) , e0149895. 10.1371/journal.pone.0149895
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Rainer, Timothy, Graham, C. A., Yeung, H. H., Poon, W. S., Ho, H. F., Kam, C. W., Cattermole, G. N, and Cameron, P., 2016. Functional outcome in patients sustaining moderate and major trauma. Hong Kong Medical Journal 22 (1:S2) , pp. 29-32.

So, J. L. T., Chow, E. P. F., Cattermole, G. N., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2016. A comparison of the performance of different age-based paediatric weight estimation formulae in Hong Kong children. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 23 (1) , pp. 3-12. 10.1177/102490791602300101

So, J. L. T., Chow, E. P. F., Cattermole, G. N., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2016. The finger counting method is more accurate than age-based weight estimation formulae in estimating the weight of Hong Kong children presenting to the emergency department. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 23 (1) , pp. 3-12. 10.1177/102490791602300101

Ko, F.W.S., Cheung., N. K., Rainer, Timothy, Lum, C. C. and Hui, D. 2015. Intergrated care programme for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – a randomized controlled trial [Abstract]. Respirology 20 (S3) , p. 38. 10.1111/resp.12706_4

Hung, Kevin K.C., Lai, W. Y., Cocks, Robert A., Rainer, Timothy and Graham, Colin A. 2015. Validation of the Omron HEM-650 wrist blood pressure device using the British Hypertension Society protocol in emergency patients in Hong Kong. Emergencias 27 (5) , pp. 313-315.

Chan, Stewart S. W., Cheung, N. K., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2015. Strategies and solutions to alleviate access block and overcrowding in emergency departments. Hong Kong Medical Journal 21 (4) , pp. 345-352. 10.12809/hkmj144399

Lee, M. M., Cheng, N. M., Rainer, Timothy, So, L. T. and Mo, J. R. 2015. Correlation between USCOM-derived haemodynamic variables and severity of chronic heart failure [Abstract]. Cardiology 131 (S2) , p. 256. 10.1159/000434707

Yang, M. L. C., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2015. Outcome after implementation of sepsis guideline in the emergency department of a university hospital in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 22 (3) , pp. 163-171. 10.1177/102490791502200305

Chan, Cangel P.Y., Li, Yan-Ling, Agarwal, Nandini, Sin, King-Keung, Leung, Yuk-Ki, Narain, Sangeeta, Cheung, Pui-Ling, Tse, Mandy M., Goggins, William B., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2015. Learning profiles for noninvasive transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 22 (2) , pp. 128-134. 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000146

Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Agarwal, Nandini, Sin, King-keung, Narain, Sangeeta, Smith, Brendan E., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. Age-specific non-invasive transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound derived haemodynamic reference ranges in elderly Chinese adults. BBA Clinical 2 , pp. 48-55. 10.1016/j.bbacli.2014.09.002

Graham, Colin A., Chan, Jannet W.M., Chan, Cangel P.Y., Cattermole, Giles N. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. Prospective validation of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction and front door Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk scores in Chinese patients presenting to the ED with chest pain. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 32 (11) , pp. 1339-1344. 10.1016/j.ajem.2014.08.032

LoGerfo, James, Jiang, Hui-lin, Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Leung, Yuk-ki, Li, Yun-mei, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. Evaluation of the Recognition of Stroke in the Emergency Room (ROSIER) scale in Chinese patients in Hong Kong. PLoS ONE 9 (10) , e109762. 10.1371/journal.pone.0109762
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Chung, J., Way, R. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. Development of an emergency nurse practitioner service in Hong Kong through international collaboration: evaluation of the service development. International Emergency Nursing 22 (4) , p. 238. 10.1016/j.ienj.2014.08.007

Rainer, Timothy, Yeung, Hiu Hung, Gabbe, Belinda J., Yuen, Kai Y., Ho, Hiu F., Kam, Chak W., Chang, Annice, Poon, Wai S., Cameron, Peter A., Graham, Colin A. and Hills, Robert K. 2014. A comparison of functional outcome in patients sustaining major trauma: a multicentre, prospective, international Study. PLoS ONE 9 (8) , e103396. 10.1371/journal.pone.0103396
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Li, Yan-ling, Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Sin, King-keung, Chan, Stewart S.W., Lin, Pei-yi, Chen, Xiao-hui, Smith, Brendan E., Joynt, Gavin M., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2014. Validating a pragmatic definition of shock in adult patients presenting to the ED. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 32 (11) , pp. 1345-1350. 10.1016/j.ajem.2014.08.029

Leung, Ling Yan, Chan, Cangel Pui Yee, Leung, Yuk Ki, Jiang, Hui Lin, Abrigo, Jill Morales, Wang, De Feng, Chung, Joseph Shun Hang, Rainer, Timothy and Graham, Colin Alexander 2014. Comparison of miR-124-3p and miR-16 for early diagnosis of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. Clinica Chimica Acta 433 , pp. 139-144. 10.1016/j.cca.2014.03.007

Rainer, Timothy, Yeung, J. H. H., Cheung, S. K. C., Yuen, Y. K. Y., Poon, W. S., Ho, H. F., Kam, C. W., Cattermole, G. N., Chang, A., So, F. L. and Graham, C. A. 2014. Assessment of quality of life and functional outcome in patients sustaining moderate and major trauma: A multicentre, prospective cohort study. Injury 45 (5) , pp. 902-909. 10.1016/j.injury.2013.11.006

Rainer, Timothy 2014. Physicians in Taiwan face up to severe sepsis: should we be surprised? Critical Care Medicine 42 (4) , pp. 981-982. 10.1097/CCM.0000000000000090

Rainer, Timothy 2014. Controversies and uncertainties in managing SARS. Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy 1 (2) , pp. 195-198. 10.1586/14787210.1.2.195

Cattermole, Giles N., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2014. ViEWS in the emergency department. Resuscitation 85 (1) , e17. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.09.004

Wilson, Richard, Goodacre, Steve W, Klingbajl, Marcin, Kelly, Anne-Maree, Rainer, Timothy, Coats, Tim, Holloway, Vikki, Townend, Will and Crane, Steve 2014. Evaluation of the DAVROS (Development And Validation of Risk-adjusted Outcomes for Systems of emergency care) risk-adjustment model as a quality indicator for healthcare. Emergency Medicine Journal 31 (6) , pp. 471-475. 10.1136/emermed-2013-202359
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Cattermole, G. N., Liow, E. C. H., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. THERM: the Resuscitation Management score. A prognostic tool to identify critically ill patients in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal 31 (10) , pp. 803-807. 10.1136/emermed-2013-202772

Cattermole, G. N., Leung, P. Y. M., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2014. Too tall for the tape: the weight of schoolchildren who do not fit the Broselow tape. Emergency Medicine Journal 31 (7) , pp. 541-544. 10.1136/emermed-2012-202325

Wong, George Kwok Chu, Teoh, Jeremy, Yeung, Janice, Chan, Emily, Siu, Eva, Woo, Peter, Rainer, Timothy H and Poon, Wai Sang 2013. Outcomes of traumatic brain injury in Hong Kong: Validation with the TRISS, CRASH, and IMPACT models. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 20 (12) , pp. 1693-1696. 10.1016/j.jocn.2012.12.032

Cattermole, G, Graham, C. A., Chan, S.S.W. and Rainer, Timothy 2013. Anthropometric and physiological measurements in healthy children. Hong Kong Medical Journal 19 (6 (S9)) , pp. 26-29.

Wong, George Kwok Chu, Teoh, Jeremy, Yeung, Janice, Chan, Emily, Siu, Eva, Woo, Peter, Rainer, Timothy and Poon, Wai Sang 2013. Outcomes of traumatic brain injury in Hong Kong: Validation with the TRISS, CRASH, and IMPACT models. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 20 (12) , pp. 1693-1696. 10.1016/j.jocn.2012.12.032

Graham, Colin A., Tsay, Selena X.H., Rotheray, Kathleen R. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2013. Validation of the TIMI risk score in Chinese patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. International Journal of Cardiology 168 (1) , pp. 597-598. 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.01.233

Ma, H. M., Ip, Margaret, Woo, Jean, Hui, David. S. C., Lui, Grace. C. Y., Lee, Nelson. L. S., Chan, Paul. K. S. and Rainer, Timothy H 2013. Risk factors for drug-resistant bacterial pneumonia in older patients hospitalized with pneumonia in a Chinese population. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine 106 (9) , pp. 823-829. 10.1093/qjmed/hct152

Ho, Grace Y.L., Cattermole, Giles N., Chan, Stewart S. W., Smith, Brendan E., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2013. Non-invasive transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound - derived hemodynamic reference ranges in Chinese adolescents. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 14 (5) , e225-e232. 10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182772f78

Lee, N, Chan, P. K., Hui, D, Choi, K. W., Cockram, C.S. and Timothy, Rainer 2013. Influenza virus load in hospitalised patients. Hong Kong Medical Journal 19 (3 (S4)) , pp. 15-18.

Hung, Kevin K. C., Cocks, Robert A., Poon, W. K., Chan, Emily Y. Y., Rainer, Timothy and Graham, Colin A. 2013. Medical volunteers in commercial flight medical diversions. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 84 (5) , pp. 491-497. 10.3357/ASEM.3452.2013

Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2013. Utility of S100B in head injury care [Correspondence]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 61 (1) , pp. 120-121. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.05.045

Chan, S. S. W., Cattermole, G. N., Leung, M. P. Y., Ho, G. Y. L., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2013. Children's discomfort during noninvasive cardiac output monitoring by suprasternal ultrasonographic transducer. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 20 (1) , pp. 3-8.

Gralnek, I. M., Ching, J. Y. L., Maza, I., Wu, J. C. Y., Rainer, Timothy, Israelit, S., Klein, A., Chan, F. K. L., Ephrath, H., Eliakim, R., Peled, R. and Sung, J. J. Y. 2013. Capsule endoscopy in acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a prospective cohort study. Endoscopy 45 (1) , pp. 12-19. 10.1055/s-0032-1325933

Rainer, Timothy, Graham, Colin A., Chan, Rebecca W. Y., Chan, Cangel P. Y., Tan, Patrick C. F., Yip, Gabriel W. K. and Yu, Cheuk-Man 2013. Early time-dependent dynamic changes of TBET and GATA3 mRNA expressions in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Disease Markers 35 , pp. 419-429. 10.1155/2013/139895
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Chan, Cangel Pui Yee, Mak, Wing Cheung, Cheung, Kwan Yee, Sin, King Keung, Yu, Cheuk Man, Rainer, Timothy and Renneberg, Reinhard 2013. Evidence-based point-of-care diagnostics: current status and emerging technologies. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry 6 (1) , pp. 191-211. 10.1146/annurev-anchem-062012-092641

Chan, Cangel Pui-yee and Rainer, Timothy 2013. Pathophysiological roles and clinical importance of biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome. In: Makowski, Gregory S. ed. Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 59. Elsevier, pp. 23-63. (10.1016/B978-0-12-405211-6.00002-4)

Rotheray, K. R., Aitken, P., Goggins, W. B., Rainer, Timothy and Graham, C. A. 2012. Epidemiology of injuries due to tropical cyclones in Hong Kong: A retrospective observational study. Injury 43 (12) , pp. 2055-2059. 10.1016/j.injury.2011.10.033

Lee, Ryan K. L., Graham, Colin A., Yeung, Janice H. H., Ahuja, Anil T. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Occult pneumothoraces in Chinese patients with significant blunt chest trauma: radiological classification and proposed clinical significance. Injury 43 (12) , pp. 2105-2108. 10.1016/j.injury.2012.04.009

Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Jiang, Hui-lin, Leung, Ling-yan, Wan, Wai-man, Cheng, Nga-man, Ip, Wai-sze, Cheung, Kwan-yee, Chan, Rebecca Wing-yan, Wong, Lawrence Ka-sing, Graham, Colin Alexander, Renneberg, Reinhard and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Multiple atherosclerosis-related biomarkers associated with short- and long-term mortality after stroke. Clinical Biochemistry 45 (16-17) , pp. 1308-1315. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2012.06.014

Chung, Josephine Yuen Man, Cheng, Chi Hung, Graham, Colin A and Rainer, Timothy H 2012. The effectiveness of a specially designed shoulder chair for closed reduction of acute shoulder dislocation in the emergency department: a randomised control trial. Emergency Medicine Journal 30 (10) , pp. 795-800. 10.1136/emermed-2011-201011

Rainer, Timothy, Chan, S. S., Tse, M. M., Chan, C. P. and Graham, C. A. 2012. Cardiovascular indices measured by a noninvasive Doppler ultrasonography cardiac output monitor in patients with Stage 2 hypertension [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S141. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.433

Graham, C. A., Rainer, Timothy, Yeung, J. H. and Poon, W. S. 2012. Early predictors of good health-related quality of life in patients with moderate and severe trauma: a 12-month prospective cohort study in Hong Kong [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S152. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.463

Graham, C. A., Chan, S. S., Ahmad, I. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Elevated blood pressure in emergency department patients in Hong Kong: prevalence, characteristics and disposition [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S142-S143. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.437

Graham, C. A., Rainer, Timothy, Yeung, J. H. and Poon, W. S. 2012. Predicting probability of return to work after moderate and major trauma in Hong Kong: a preliminary, prospective, multicenter, cohort study [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S116-S117. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.305

Chan, S.S., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Validity of the Canadian emergency department triage acuity scale respiratory rate and pulse rate reference ranges when applied to a Chinese population [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S136-S137. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.420

Chor, J.S.Y., Pada, S.K., Stephenson, I., Goggins, W.B., Tambyah, P.A., Medina, M., Lee, N., Leung, T.-F., Ngai, K.L.K., Law, S.K., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Griffiths, S. and Chan, P.K.S. 2012. Differences in the compliance with hospital infection control practices during the 2009 influenza H1N1 pandemic in three countries. Journal of Hospital Infection 81 (2) , pp. 98-103. 10.1016/j.jhin.2012.04.003

Myint, Phyo Kyaw, Kwok, Chun Shing, Majumdar, Sumit R, Eurich, Dean T, Clark, Allan B, España, Pedro P, Man, Shin Yan, Huang, David T, Yealy, Donald M, Angus, Derek C, Capelastegui, Alberto, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Marrie, Thomas J, Fine, Michael J and Loke, Yoon K 2012. The International Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) Collaboration Cohort (ICCC) study: rationale, design and description of study cohorts and patients. BMJ Open 2 (3) , e001030. 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001030

Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2012. Science, sceptics, sepsis, and simplicity*. Critical Care Medicine 40 (5) , pp. 1663-1664. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182451ffe

Chan, Stewart Siu-Wa, Agarwal, Nandini, Narain, Sangeeta, Tse, Mandy Man, Chan, Cangel Pui-yee, Ho, Grace Yung-lam, Graham, Colin Alexander and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Noninvasive Doppler ultrasound cardiac output monitor for the differential diagnosis of shock. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 30 (4) , pp. 629-630. 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.12.039

Yu, Ada Hoi-yan, Cheng, C. H., Yeung, J. H. H., Poon, W. S., Ho, Hiu fai, Chang, A. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Functional outcome after head injury: Comparison of 12-45 year old male and female hormonally active patients. Injury 43 (5) , pp. 603-607. 10.1016/j.injury.2010.08.016

Mitra, B., Rainer, Timothy H. and Cameron, P. A. 2012. Predicting massive blood transfusion using clinical scores post-trauma. Vox Sanguinis 102 (4) , pp. 324-330. 10.1111/j.1423-0410.2011.01564.x

Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Rebecca W.Y., Graham, Colin A., Chan, Cangel P.Y., Tan, Patrick C.F., Yip, Gabriel W.K. and Yu, Cheuk-Man 2012. Circulating leukocyte TBET and GATA3 mRNA in patients with acute coronary syndrome. International Journal of Cardiology 156 (2) , pp. 209-211. 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.01.074

Chan, Stewart Siu-Wa, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2012. The value of chest ultrasonography in diagnosing pneumothorax in patients with trauma. Chest 141 (4) , pp. 1127-1128. 10.1378/chest.11-3003

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Sollich, P, Piotrowski, T, Coolen, A. C. C., Cheng, B and Graham, C. A. 2012. Evaluating acute medical admissions through emergency departments in Hong Kong: can one adjust for case-mix variation? Emergency Medicine Journal 29 (12) , pp. 978-982. 10.1136/emermed-2011-200996

Ho, Anthony M.-H., Dion, Peter W., Yeung, Janice H. H., Holcomb, John B., Critchley, Lester A. H., Ng, Calvin S. H., Karmakar, Manoj K., Cheung, Chi W. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2012. Prevalence of survivor bias in observational studies on fresh frozen plasma: Erythrocyte ratios in trauma requiring massive transfusion. Anesthesiology 116 (3) , pp. 716-728. 10.1097/ALN.0b013e318245c47b

Siu-Wa Chan, Stewart, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. First-Line Treatment for Hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension 14 (1) , p. 68. 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00557.x

Cattermole, Giles N, Graham, Colin A and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Paediatric weight estimation. Emergency Medicine Journal 29 (1) , pp. 82-83. 10.1136/emermed-2011-200690

2012. Long-term cognitive dysfunction in patients with traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage: prevalence and risk factors. Acta Neurochirurgica 154 (1) , pp. 105-111. 10.1007/s00701-011-1198-8

Rotheray, K. R., Cheung, P. S. Y., Cheung, C. S. K., Wai, A. K.C., Chan, D. Y. S., Rainer, Timothy H. and Graham, C. A. 2012. What is the relationship between the Glasgow coma scale and airway protective reflexes in the Chinese population? Resuscitation 83 (1) , pp. 86-89. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.07.017

Graham, C. A., Chan, C. P., Wong, L. K. and Rainer, Timothy 2012. Multiple inflammatory biomarkers in predicting short-term and long-term mortality after stroke [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 60 (4) , S15. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.063

Graham, Colin A., Chan, Rebecca W.Y., Chan, Dexter Y.S., Chan, Cangel P.Y., Wong, Lawrence K.S. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 mRNA: An early prognostic marker for patients with acute stroke. Clinical Biochemistry 45 (4-5) , pp. 352-355. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2011.12.006

Wong, E.M.L., Rainer, Timothy, Ng, Y.C., Chan, M.S. and Lopez, V. 2011. Cost-effectiveness of Dermabond versus sutures for lacerated wound closure: a randomised controlled trial. Hong Kong Medical Journal 17 (6 (S6)) , S4-S8.

Pines, Jesse M., Hilton, Joshua A., Weber, Ellen J., Alkemade, Annechien J., Al Shabanah, Hasan, Anderson, Philip D., Bernhard, Michael, Bertini, Alessio, Gries, André, Ferrandiz, Santiago, Kumar, Vijaya Arun, Harjola, Veli-Pekka, Hogan, Barbara, Madsen, Bo, Mason, Suzanne, Öhlén, Gunnar, Rainer, Timothy, Rathlev, Niels, Revue, Eric, Richardson, Drew, Sattarian, Mehdi and Schull, Michael J. 2011. International perspectives on emergency department crowding. Academic Emergency Medicine 18 (12) , pp. 1358-1370. 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01235.x

Rotheray, Kathleen R., Cattermole, Giles N., Liow, Elizabeth C.H., Machin, Peggy, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Alcohol misuse is rare among Hong Kong medical students. Drug and Alcohol Review 30 (6) , pp. 685-688. 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00297.x

Graham, C.A., Rotheray, K.R., Tsay, S.X. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. 96 validation of the TIMI risk score in Chinese patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain. Annals of Emergency Medicine 58 (4) , S209-S210. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.06.122

Tai, M. C.-K., Cheng, R. C.-H. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Trauma systems: Do trauma teams make a difference? Trauma 13 (4) , pp. 294-299. 10.1177/1460408611405294

Graham, C. A., Chan, J. W., Rotheray, K. R. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. A prospective investigation of the prognostic value of "TIMI" and "Front Door TIMI" in Chinese patients presenting to the emergency department with undifferentiated chest pain [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 58 (4) , S210. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.06.123

Chor, Josette S.Y., Pada, Surinder K., Stephenson, Iain, Goggins, William B., Tambyah, Paul A., Clarke, Tristan William, Medina, Mariejo, Lee, Nelson, Leung, Ting Fun, Ngai, Karry L.K., Law, Shu Kei, Rainer, Timothy H., Griffiths, Sian and Chan, Paul K.S. 2011. Seasonal influenza vaccination predicts pandemic H1N1 vaccination uptake among healthcare workers in three countries. Vaccine 29 (43) , pp. 7364-7369. 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.07.079

Lee, Ryan K L, Chu, Winnie C W, Graham, Colin A, Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Ahuja, Anil T 2011. Knowledge of radiation exposure in common radiological investigations: a comparison between radiologists and non-radiologists. Emergency Medicine Journal 29 (4) , pp. 306-308. 10.1136/emermed-2011-200481

Poon, WaiS, Wong, George K.C., Ng, Elsie, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Graham, Colin A. and Yeung, Janice H.H. 2011. Neurological outcomes of neurosurgical operations for multiple trauma elderly patients in Hong Kong. Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock 4 (3) , pp. 346-350. 10.4103/0974-2700.83861

Chan, S.S.W., Cattermole, G.N., Leung, P.Y.M., Mak, P.S.K., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Validation of the APLS age-based vital signs reference ranges in a Chinese population. Resuscitation 82 (7) , pp. 891-895. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.02.039

Wu, R. S. Y., Chan, S. S. W., Cheung, N. K., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Open-access colonoscopy: outcomes of referrals from the emergency department. Colorectal Disease 13 (7) , pp. 826-828. 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2010.02301.x

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Ho, Anthony M.-H., Yeung, Janice H.H., Cheung, Nai Kwong, Wong, Raymond S.M., Tang, Ning, Ng, Siu Keung, Wong, George K.C., Lai, Paul B.S. and Graham, Colin A. 2011. Early risk stratification of patients with major trauma requiring massive blood transfusion. Resuscitation 82 (6) , pp. 724-729. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.02.016

Yim, V.W.T., Graham, C.A., Woo, J, Wong, T.W., Lau, F.L., Ting, S.M. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Emergency department intervention for high-risk elders: Identification strategy and randomised controlled trial to reduce hospitalisation and institutionalisation. Hong Kong Medical Journal 17 (3 (S3)) , S4-S7.

Cattermole, G. N., Leung, M. P. Y., So, H.-K., Mak, P. S. K., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Age-based formulae to estimate children's weight in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal 28 (5) , pp. 390-396. 10.1136/emj.2009.090357

Leung, Gilberto Ka Kit, Chang, Annice, Cheung, F. C., Ho, H. F., Ho, Wendy, Hui, S. M., Kam, C. W., Lai, Albert, Lam, K. W., Leung, M., Liu, S. H., Lo, C. B., Mok, Francis, Rainer, Timothy, Shen, W. Y., So, F. L., Wong, Gordon, Wu, Amy, Yeung, Janice and Yuen, W. K. 2011. The first 5 years since trauma center designation in the Hong Kong special administrative region, People's Republic of China. The Journal of Trauma 70 (5) , pp. 1128-1133. 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181fd5d62

Yeung, J.H.H., Mikocka-Walus, A.A., Cameron, P.A., Poon, W.S., Ho, H.F., Chang, A., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Protection from traumatic brain injury in hormonally active women vs men of a similar age: A retrospective international study. Archives of Surgery 146 (4) , pp. 436-442. 10.1001/archsurg.2011.46

Yeung, Pui-Yee, Chau, Pui-Hing, Woo, Jean, Yim, Veronica Wai-Ting and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Higher incidence of falls in winter among older people in Hong Kong. Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics 2 (1) , pp. 13-16. 10.1016/j.jcgg.2011.02.002

Man, S. Y., Graham, C. A., Chan, S. S. W., Mak, P. S. K., Yu, A. H. Y., Cheung, C. S. K., Cheung, P. S. Y., Lui, G., Lee, N., Chan, M., Ip, M. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Disease severity prediction for nursing home-acquired pneumonia in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal 28 (12) , pp. 1046-1050. 10.1136/emj.2010.107235

Cattermole, Giles N., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2011. Reference values for noninvasive cardiac output monitoring in children. Critical Care Medicine 39 (1) , pp. 227-228. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181feb4f9

Hung, K. K.C., Graham, Colin A., Yim, W. T., Yam, E. S. F., Cheung, N. K. and Rainer, Timothy 2011. Management of suspected deep venous thrombosis in an emergency medicine ward in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 18 (1) , pp. 13-19.

Tai, C K, Cattermole, Giles N, Mak, Paulina S K, Graham, Colin A and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. Nurse-initiated defibrillation: are nurses confident enough? Emergency Medicine Journal 29 (1) , pp. 24-27. 10.1136/emj.2009.084848

Ho, Anthony M.-H., Dion, Peter W., Yeung, Janice H.H., Ng, Calvin S.H., Karmakar, Manoj K., Critchley, Lester A.H., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Cheung, Chi Wai and Tay, Beng A. 2010. Fresh-frozen plasma transfusion strategy in trauma with massive and ongoing bleeding. Common (sense) and sensibility. Resuscitation 81 (9) , pp. 1079-1081. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.02.030

Cattermole, G.N., Leung, P.Y.M., Mak, P.S.K., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. Mid-arm circumference can be used to estimate children's weights. Resuscitation 81 (9) , p. 1105. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.05.015

Cattermole, Giles N., Leung, P. Y. Mia, Mak, Paulina S. K., Chan, Stewart S. W., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. The normal ranges of cardiovascular parameters in children measured using the Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor. Critical Care Medicine 38 (9) , pp. 1875-1881. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181e8adee

Hung, Kevin K. C., Chan, Emily Y. Y., Cocks, Robert A., Ong, Rose M., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Graham, Colin A. 2010. Predictors of Flight Diversions and Deaths for In-flight Medical Emergencies in Commercial Aviation. Archives of Internal Medicine 170 (15) , pp. 1401-1402. 10.1001/archinternmed.2010.267

Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. The future of trauma development in Hong Kong: Putting the patient first. Surgical Practice 14 (3) , pp. 120-121. 10.1111/j.1744-1633.2010.00507.x

Cheung, C. S. K., Mak, P. S. K., Manley, K. V., Lam, J. M. Y., Tsang, A. Y. L., Chan, H. M. S., Rainer, Timothy and Graham, C. A. 2010. Predictors of important neurological causes of dizziness among patients presenting to the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal 27 (7) , pp. 517-521. 10.1136/emj.2009.078014

Lee, Ka L., Graham, Colin A., Yeung, Janice H. H., Ahuja, Anil T. and Rainer, Timothy 2010. Occult pneumothorax in Chinese patients with significant blunt chest trauma: incidence and management. Injury 41 (5) , pp. 492-494. 10.1016/j.injury.2009.12.017

Cattermole, Giles N., Chan, Dexter Y.S., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. Beer as a burns resuscitation fluid. Emergency Medicine Australasia 22 (2) , pp. 195-196. 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2010.01279.x

Cattermole, G. N., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. Patient satisfaction and healthcare providers. Emergency Medicine Journal 27 (3) , p. 249. 10.1136/emj.2009.079988

Wai, Abraham K.C., Cattermole, Giles N., Graham, Colin A., Lo, Alexandra D.W. and Rainer, Timothy 2010. How much do Hong Kong emergency physicians know about common legal situations? Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 17 (2) , pp. 111-112. 10.1016/j.jflm.2009.09.005

Chan, R. W.Y., Wong, J., Chan, H. L.Y., Mok, T. S.K., Lo, W. Y.W., Lee, V., To, K. F., Lai, P. B.S., Rainer, Timothy, Lo, Y.M. D. and Chiu, R. W.K. 2010. Aberrant concentrations of liver-derived plasma albumin mRNA in liver pathologies. Clinical Chemistry 56 (1) , pp. 82-89. 10.1373/clinchem.2009.133355

Wong, George Kwok-Chu, Hung, Yuk-Wah, Chong, Charing, Yeung, Janice, Chi-Ping Ng, Stephanie, Rainer, Timothy and Poon, Wai-Sang 2010. Assessing the neurological outcome of traumatic acute subdural hematoma patients with and without primary decompressive craniectomies. In: Czernicki, Zbigniew, Baethmann, Alexander, Ito, Umeo, Katayama, Yoichi, Kuroiwa, Toshihiko and Mendelow, David eds. Brain Edema XVI, Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum, vol. 106. Vienna: Springer, pp. 235-237. (10.1007/978-3-211-98811-4_44)

Lui, Grace, Ip, Margaret, Lee, Nelson, Rainer, Timothy, Man, Shin Y., Cockram, Clive S., Antonio, Gregory E., Ng, Margaret H.L., Chan, Michael H.M., Chau, Shirley S.L., Mak, Paulina, Chan, Paul K.S., Ahuja, Anil T., Sung, Joseph J.Y. and Hui, David S.C. 2009. Role of 'atypical pathogens' among adult hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Respirology 14 (8) , pp. 1098-1105. 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2009.01637.x

Cattermole, Giles N., Man, Chi Yin, Cheng, Chi Hung, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. Oral prednisolone is more cost-effective than oral indomethacin for treating patients with acute gout-like arthritis. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 16 (5) , pp. 261-266. 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32832a083f

Chong., C. N., Cheung, Y. S., Lee, K. F., Rainer, Timothy and Lai, B. S. P. 2009. Traumatic liver injury in Hong Kong: the management strategy and outcome. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 16 (4) , pp. 208-216.

Cheng, C. H., Yim, W. T., Cheung, N. K., Yeung, J. H. H., Man, C. Y., Grah, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Differences in injury pattern and mortality between Hong Kong elderly and younger patients. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 16 (4) , pp. 224-232.

Cattermole, Giles N., Mak, S.K. Paulina, Liow, C.H. Elizabeth, Ho, Man Fung, Hung, Kin Yee Grace, Keung, Kai Man, Li, Hoi Man, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. Derivation of a prognostic score for identifying critically ill patients in an emergency department resuscitation room. Resuscitation 80 (9) , pp. 1000-1005. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.06.012

Yeung, Pui-Yee, Woo, Jean, Yim, Veronica Wai-Ting and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. Heterogeneity of health profiles of older people presenting to an accident and emergency department with a fall. International Journal of Gerontology 3 (3) , pp. 156-162. 10.1016/S1873-9598(09)70041-9

Wai, Abraham K. C., Chor, C. M., Lee, Allen T. C., Sittambunka, Yuwares, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Analysis of trends in emergency department attendances, hospital admissions and medical staffing in a Hong Kong university hospital: 5-year study. International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (3) , pp. 141-148. 10.1007/s12245-009-0098-7

Chor, J. S Y, Ngai, K. L., Goggins, W. B, Wong, M. C S, Wong, S. Y S, Lee, N., Leung, T.-f., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Griffiths, S. and Chan, P. K. S. 2009. Willingness of Hong Kong healthcare workers to accept pre-pandemic influenza vaccination at different WHO alert levels: two questionnaire surveys. British Medical Journal (BMJ) 339 , b3391. 10.1136/bmj.b3391

Lee, Nelson, Chan, Paul K. S., Hui, David S. C., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Wong, Eric, Choi, Kin-Wing, Lui, Grace C. Y., Wong, Bonnie C. K., Wong, Rita Y. K., Lam, Wai-Yip, Chu, Ida M. T., Lai, Raymond W. M., Cockram, Clive S. and Sung, Joseph J. Y. 2009. Viral loads and duration of viral shedding in adult patients hospitalized with influenza. Journal of Infectious Diseases 200 (4) , pp. 492-500. 10.1086/600383

Cheung, Clement S.K., Man, Shin-Yan, Graham, Colin A., Mak, Paulina S.K., Cheung, Phoebe S.Y., Chan, Bob C.Y. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. Adult epiglottitis: 6 years experience in a university teaching hospital in Hong Kong. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 16 (4) , pp. 221-226. 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328320ad2f

Lee, K. L., Graham, Colin A., Lam, Jenny M. Y., Yeung, Janice H. H., Ahuja, A. T. and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Impact on trauma patient management of installing a computed tomography scanner in the emergency department. Injury 40 (8) , pp. 873-875. 10.1016/j.injury.2008.12.001

Hung, Kevin K.C., Cheung, C.S.K., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Graham, C.A. 2009. EMS systems in China. Resuscitation 80 (7) , pp. 732-735. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.04.016

Graham, C.A., Cheung, C.S.K. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. EMS systems in Hong Kong. Resuscitation 80 (7) , pp. 736-739. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.04.018

G.N., Cattermole,, C.A., Graham, and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Abdominal thrusts are not recommended for infants with foreign body airway obstruction. Hong Kong Medical Journal 15 (3) , p. 237.

Cattermole, G.N., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Ethics and analgesia. Emergency Medicine Journal 26 (5) , p. 389.

Yeung, J. H. H., Leung, C. S. M., Poon, W. S., Cheung, N. K., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2009. Bicycle related injuries presenting to a trauma centre in Hong Kong. Injury 40 (5) , pp. 555-559. 10.1016/j.injury.2008.08.015

Yim, Veronica W. T., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. A comparison of emergency department utilization by elderly and younger adult patients presenting to three hospitals in Hong Kong. International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2 (1) , pp. 19-24. 10.1007/s12245-009-0087-x

Man, S.Y., Wong, E.M.L., Ng, Y.C., Lau, P.F., Chan, M.S., Lopez, V., Mak, P.S.K., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2009. Cost-consequence analysis comparing 2-Octyl Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive and suture for closure of simple lacerations: A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 53 (2) , pp. 189-197. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.03.003

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Chan, Cangel P.Y., Leung, Man Fai, Leung, Wingman, Ip, Margaret, Lee, Nelson, Cautherley, George W.H., Graham, Colin A., Fuchs, Dietmar and Renneberg, Reinhard 2009. Diagnostic utility of CRP to neopterin ratio in patients with acute respiratory tract infections. Journal of Infection 58 (2) , pp. 123-130. 10.1016/j.jinf.2008.11.007

Wong, G. K., Tang, B. Y. H., Yeung, J. H. H., Collins, G., Rainer, Timothy, Ng, S. C. and Poon, W. S. 2009. Traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage: Is the CT pattern related to outcome? British Journal of Neurosurgery 23 (6) , pp. 601-605. 10.3109/02688690902948184

Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Allen K.C., Lee, Larry L.Y., Yim, Veronica W.T., Lam, Nicole Y.L., Yeung, S.W., Graham, Colin A. and Lo, Dennis Y.M. 2008. Use of plasma DNA to predict mortality and need for intensive care in patients with abdominal pain. Clinica Chimica Acta 398 (1-2) , pp. 113-117. 10.1016/j.cca.2008.08.022
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Leung, G.M., Hedley, A.J., Kong, J., Lam, T.H., Lau, F.L, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Wong, T.W. and Tong, Y.H. 2008. A clinical prediction rule for diagnosing severe acute respiratory syndrome in the emergency department. Hong Kong Medical Journal 14 (Supp 5) , S8-S10.

Yeung, Janice H. H., Chang, Annice Ling Mui, Ho, Wendy, So, Fung Ling, Graham, Colin A., Cheng, Beatrice, Cheung, N. K., Ho, H. F., Yuen, W. K., Kam, C. W. and Rainer, Timothy 2008. High risk trauma in older adults in Hong Kong: A multicentre study. Injury 39 (9) , pp. 1034-1041. 10.1016/j.injury.2008.03.017

Leung, Wingman, Chan, Cangel Puiyee, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Ip, Margaret, Cautherley, George W.H. and Renneberg, Reinhard 2008. InfectCheck CRP barcode-style lateral flow assay for semi-quantitative detection of C-reactive protein in distinguishing between bacterial and viral infections. Journal of Immunological Methods 336 (1) , pp. 30-36. 10.1016/j.jim.2008.03.009

Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Graham, Colin A 2008. A significant step forward for gout. The Lancet 371 (9627) , pp. 1816-1818. 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60775-8

Graham, C.A., Man, C., Mak, P.S., Yu, A.H., Cheung, C.S., Cheung, P.S. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2008. 25: Comparison of prediction rules for nursing home-acquired pneumonia and community-acquired pneumonia. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 478. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.293

Cheung, N., Cheng, C., Yim, W., Yeung, J.H., Man, C., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2008. 219: Differences in injury pattern and mortality between Hong Kong elderly and younger patients. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 537. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.189

Graham, C.A., Chan, R.W., Lam, N.Y. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2008. 175: Increases in MMP9 mRNA expression after hemorrhagic stroke. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 523. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.144

Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Man, C. 2008. 73: Senior medical presence at triage improves service time in emergency departments. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 493. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.040

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Chan, R.W., Graham, C.A., Yip, G.W., Yu, C.M. and Wong, C.K. 2008. 33: TBET and GATA-3 transcription factors mRNA balance in acute coronary syndrome improves diagnostic accuracy in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 481. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.301

Cheung, N., Cheng, C.H., Graham, C.A., Gabbe, B.J., Yeung, J.H., Kossmann, T., Judson, R.T., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Cameron, P.A. 2008. 246: Trauma care systems: A comparison of trauma care in Victoria, Australia and Hong Kong, China. Annals of Emergency Medicine 51 (4) , p. 546. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.01.216

Cheng, C H., Graham, Colin A., Gabbe, Belinda J., Yeung, Janice H. H., Kossmann, Thomas, Judson, Rodney T., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Cameron, Peter A. 2008. Trauma Care Systems. Annals of Surgery 247 (2) , pp. 335-342. 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31815ccc2e

Chan, R. W. Y., Graham, C. A., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Lam, N. Y. L., Chiu, R. W. K., Chik, K.-W., Lee, V. and Lo, Y. M. D. 2007. Use of a bone marrow transplantation model system to demonstrate the hematopoietic origin of plasma S100B mRNA. Clinical Chemistry 53 (10) , pp. 1874-1876. 10.1373/clinchem.2007.092403

Ip, Margaret, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Lee, Nelson, Chan, Cangel, Chau, Shirley S.L., Leung, Wingman, Leung, Man Fai, Tam, Tze Kin, Antonio, Gregory E., Lui, Grace, Lau, Tze Kin, Hui, David S.C., Fuchs, Dietmar, Renneberg, Reinhard and Chan, Paul K.S. 2007. Value of serum procalcitonin, neopterin, and C-reactive protein in differentiating bacterial from viral etiologies in patients presenting with lower respiratory tract infections. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 59 (2) , pp. 131-136. 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2007.04.019

Man, Shin Yan, Chan, Ka Man, Wong, Fung Yi, Wong, Kit Yi, Yim, Chi Lap, Mak, Paulina S.K., Kam, Chak Wah, Lau, Chor Chiu, Lau, Fei Lung, Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2007. Evaluation of the performance of a modified Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) scoring system for critically ill patients in emergency departments in Hong Kong. Resuscitation 74 (2) , pp. 259-265. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.12.015

Graham, C .A., Kwok, W. A., Tsang, Y. L. and Rainer, Timothy 2007. Preferences and perceptions of patients attending emergency departments with low acuity problems in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 16 (3) , pp. 148-154. 10.1177/102490790901600304

Rainer, Timothy, Cheung, N.K., Yeung, Janice H.H. and Graham, Colin A. 2007. Do trauma teams make a difference? Resuscitation 73 (3) , pp. 374-381. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.10.011

Man, Chi Yin, Cheung, Ian T.F., Cameron, Peter A. and Rainer, Timothy 2007. Comparison of oral prednisolone/paracetamol and oral indomethacin/paracetamol combination therapy in the treatment of acute goutlike arthritis: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine 49 (5) , pp. 670-677. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2006.11.014
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Yan Man, S., Lee, N., Ip, M., Antonio, G. E, Chau, S. S L, Mak, P., Graham, C. A, Zhang, M., Lui, G., Chan, P. K S, Ahuja, A. T, Hui, D. S, Sung, J. J Y and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2007. Prospective comparison of three predictive rules for assessing severity of community-acquired pneumonia in Hong Kong. Thorax 62 (4) , pp. 348-353. 10.1136/thx.2006.069740

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Wong, Ka Sing, Lam, Wynnie, Lam, Nicole Y.L., Graham, Colin A. and Lo, Y.M. Dennis 2007. Comparison of plasma β-globin DNA and S-100 protein concentrations in acute stroke. Clinica Chimica Acta 376 (1-2) , pp. 190-196. 10.1016/j.cca.2006.08.025

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Lee, N., Ip, M., Galvani, A. P., Antonio, G. E., Wong, K. T., Chan, D. P. N., Ng, A. W. H., Shing, K. K., Chau, S. S. L., Mak, P., Chan, P. K. S., Ahuja, A. T., Hui, D. S. and Sung, J. J. Y. 2007. Features discriminating SARS from other severe viral respiratory tract infections. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 26 (2) , pp. 121-129. 10.1007/s10096-006-0246-4

Wai, A K C, Kwok, W O, Chan, M S, Graham, C A and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2007. Patients' perceptions of nasopharyngeal aspiration in the emergency department of a teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Emergency Medicine Journal 24 (1) , pp. 35-36. 10.1136/emj.2006.039701

Yim, Veronica W. T., Yeung, Janice H. H., Mak, Paulina S. K., Graham, Colin A., Lai, Paul B. S. and Rainer, Timothy 2007. Five year analysis of Jockey Club horse-related injuries presenting to a trauma centre in Hong Kong. Injury 38 (1) , pp. 98-103. 10.1016/j.injury.2006.08.026

Cheung, Phoebe S. Y., Lam, Jenny M. Y., Yeung, Janice H. H., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2007. Outcome of traumatic extradural haematoma in Hong Kong. Injury 38 (1) , pp. 76-80. 10.1016/j.injury.2006.08.059

Ong, Y. S., Tsang, Y. L., Ho, Y. H., Ho, F. K. L., Law, W. P., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2007. Nurses treating patients in the emergency department? A patient survey. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 14 (1) , pp. 10-15.

Chan, C. Y., Kam, K. L., Graham, C. A., Rainer, Timothy and Luk, N. M. 2007. Clinical profile of skin diseases in accident and emergency department attenders. Hong Kong Journal of Dermatology and Venreology 15 (1) , pp. 4-9.

Graham, Colin A., Yu, Ada H.Y., Chan, Stewart S.W. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Primary emergency surgical airway for trismus caused by electrical burn. Burns 32 (8) , pp. 1062-1063. 10.1016/j.burns.2006.04.009

Lee, N., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Ip, M., Zee, B., Ng, M. H., Antonio, G. E., Chan, E., Lui, G., Cockram, C. S., Sung, J. J. and Hui, D. S. 2006. Role of laboratory variables in differentiating SARS-coronavirus from other causes of community-acquired pneumonia within the first 72 h of hospitalization. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 25 (12) , pp. 765-772. 10.1007/s10096-006-0222-z

Renneberg, R., Chan, C. P., Nie, Y. M., Leung, M. F., Bergmann, A., Ip, M., Rainer, Timothy and Schennach, H. 2006. Neopterin screening to improve safety of blood transfusion. Pteridines 17 (4) , pp. 103-104. 10.1515/pteridines.2006.17.4.103

Cheung, N K., Yeung, Janice H.H., Chan, Jimmy T.S., Cameron, Peter A., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Primary trauma diversion: Initial experience in Hong Kong. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 61 (4) , pp. 954-960. 10.1097/01.ta.0000196573.02139.b4

Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Lam, N. Y.L 2006. Circulating nucleic acids and critical illness. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1075 (1) , pp. 271-277. 10.1196/annals.1368.035

Yeung, Janice Hiu-Hung, Cheung, Nai-Kwong, Graham, Colin A., Chang, Annice Miu-Ling, Ho, Wendy and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2006. Role of the trauma nurse coordinator in Hong Kong. Surgical Practice 10 (3) , pp. 97-101. 10.1111/j.1744-1633.2006.00304.x

Graham, C. A., Cheng, C. H., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Wong, K.S. 2006. Organized stroke care must include the emergency department. Stroke 37 (7) , p. 1652. 10.1161/01.STR.0000227360.24418.79

Wang, Xin, Lam, Wynnie W. M., Fan, Yu Hua, Graham, Colin A., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Wong, Ka Sing 2006. Topographic patterns of small subcortical infarcts associated with MCA stenosis: A diffusion-weighted MRI study. Journal of Neuroimaging 16 (3) , pp. 266-271. 10.1111/j.1552-6569.2006.00027.x

Wai, A.K.C., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Undergraduate emergency medicine training: past, present and future. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (3) , pp. 178-184.

Kwok, T. Y. T., Mak, P. S. K., Rainer, Timothy and Graham, C. A. 2006. Treatment and outcome of acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema presenting to an emergency department in Hong Kong: retrospective cohort study. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (3) , pp. 148-154.

Lam, J. M. Y., Siu, W. S., Lam, T. S., Cheung, N. K., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. The epidemiology of patients with dizziness in an emergency department. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (3) , pp. 133-139.

Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Lam, Nicole Y.L., Man, C.Y., Chiu, Rossa W.K., Woo, K.S. and Lo, Y.M. Dennis 2006. Plasma β-globin DNA as a prognostic marker in chest pain patients. Clinica Chimica Acta 368 (1-2) , pp. 110-113. 10.1016/j.cca.2005.12.021

Wong, Grace L., Siu, Priscilla L., Wong, Vincent W., Lai, Larry H., Chow, Dorothy K., Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Francis K., Sung, Joseoph J. and Jau, James Y. 2006. Rules for predicting safe early hospital discharge for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding: A phase I (derivation phase) study. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 63 (5) , AB153. 10.1016/j.gie.2006.03.295

Wong, A. L. N., Malhotra, A., Woo, W. W. K., Graham, C. A. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Fatal pulmonary embolism in a teenager: case report. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (2) , pp. 100-104.

Baum, Larry, Keung Ng, Ho, Wong, Ka Sing, Tomlinson, Brian, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Chen, Xiangyan, Cheung, Wing Sze, Tang, Jinling, San Tam, Wilson Wai, Goggins, William, Wai Tong, Cindy See, Yin Chan, Daniel Kam, Thomas, G. Neil, Chook, Ping and Sang Woo, Kam 2006. Associations of apolipoprotein E exon 4 and lipoprotein lipase S447X polymorphisms with acute ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 44 (3) , pp. 274-281. 10.1515/CCLM.2006.047

Baum, Larry, Ng, Ho Keung, Woo, Kam Sang, Tomlinson, Brian, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Chen, Xiangyan, Cheung, Wing Sze, Yin Chan, Daniel Kam, Thomas, G. Neil, Wai Tong, Cindy See and Wong, Ka Sing 2006. Paraoxonase 1 gene Q192R polymorphism affects stroke and myocardial infarction risk. Clinical Biochemistry 39 (3) , pp. 191-195. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2006.01.010

Lam, Nicole Y.-L., Rainer, Timothy, Wong, Lawrence K.-S., Lam, Wynnie and Lo, Y.-M. Dennis 2006. Plasma DNA as a prognostic marker for stroke patients with negative neuroimaging within the first 24h of symptom onset. Resuscitation 68 (1) , pp. 71-78. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2005.05.021

Lam, T.S., Mak, P.S.K., Siu, W.S., Lam,, M.Y., Cheung, T.F. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Validation of a modified early warning score (MEWS) in emergency department observation ward patients. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (1) , pp. 24-30.

Yeung, Janice H. H., Cheung, N. K., Graham, Colin A. and Rainer, Timothy 2006. Reduced time on the spinal board: effects of guidelines and education for emergency department staff. Injury 37 (1) , pp. 53-56. 10.1016/j.injury.2005.05.002

Chan, Stewart S. W. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2006. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: 1-year recurrence rate after simple aspiration. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 13 (2) , pp. 88-91. 10.1097/01.mej.0000192047.97105.59

Woo, William W.K., Man, Sin-Yan, Lam, Peggo K.W. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2005. Randomized double-blind trial comparing oral paracetamol and oral nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs for treating pain after musculoskeletal injury. Annals of Emergency Medicine 46 (4) , pp. 352-361. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2005.01.023

Chan, Stewart Siu-Wa, Mak, Paulina Siu-Kuen, Shing, Kwok Kuen, Chan, Po Nin, Ng, Wing Hung and Rainer, Timothy 2005. Chest radiograph screening for severe acute respiratory syndrome in the ED. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 23 (4) , pp. 525-530. 10.1016/j.ajem.2004.10.014

Chan, PN, Antonio, GE, Griffith, JF, Yu, KW, Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Ahuja, AT 2005. Computed tomography for cervical spine trauma. The impact of MDCT on fracture detection and dose deposition. Emergency Radiology 11 (5) , pp. 286-290. 10.1007/s10140-005-0407-2

Wai, A. K. C., Cameron, P., Cheung, C. K., Mak, P. and Rainer, Timothy 2005. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a teaching hospital in Hong Kong: descriptive study using the Utstein style. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 12 (3) , pp. 148-155.

Tam, C. W. and Rainer, Timothy 2005. Femoral nerve block for pain management of femoral fractures in the emergency department: evidence based topic review. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 12 (3) , pp. 178-181.

Smit, De Villiers, Cameron, Peter A. and Rainer, Timothy 2005. Anaphylaxis presentations to an emergency department in Hong Kong: Incidence and predictors of biphasic reactions. Journal of Emergency Medicine 28 (4) , pp. 381-388. 10.1016/j.jemermed.2004.11.028

Hui, D S, Joynt, G M, Wong, K T, Gomersall, C D, Li, T S, Antonio, G, Ko, F W, Chan, M C, Chan, D P, Tong, M W, Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Ahuja, A T, Cockram, C S and Sung, J J Y 2005. Impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) on pulmonary function, functional capacity and quality of life in a cohort of survivors. Thorax 60 (5) , pp. 401-409. 10.1136/thx.2004.030205

Chan, K.C.Allen, Yeung, Sze-Wan, Lui, Wing-Bong, Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Lo, Y.M.Dennis 2005. Effects of preanalytical factors on the molecular size of cell-free DNA in blood. Clinical Chemistry 51 (4) , pp. 781-784. 10.1373/clinchem.2004.046219

Chan, Stewart Siu-Wa, Tam, Michael Man-Kit, Cheung, Nai-Kwong, Man, Chi-Yin and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2005. Ultrasonography of the internal jugular vein in patients with dyspnea. Annals of Emergency Medicine 45 (4) , pp. 459-460. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2004.09.035

Rainer, Timothy, Wong, Irene O. L. and Leung, Gabriel M. 2005. A clinical prediction rule for the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - in response [Letter]. Annals of Internal Medicine 142 (3) , pp. 225-226. 10.7326/0003-4819-142-3-200502010-00020

Lam, Wynnie Wai Man, Wong, Ka Sing, Rainer, Timothy Hudson and So, Nina Man Ching 2005. Assessment of hyperacute stroke like symptoms by diffusion-weighted images. Clinical Imaging 29 (1) , pp. 6-9. 10.1016/j.clinimag.2004.03.003

Chiu, R. W. K., Rainer, Timothy and Lo, Y. M. D. 2005. Circulating nucleic acid analysis: diagnostic applications for acute pathologies. Presented at: 12th International Symposium on Intracranial Pressure (ICP) and Brain Monitoring, Hong Kong, China, 16–21 August 2004. Published in: Poon, W. S., Avezaat, C. J. J., Chan, M., Czosnyka, M., Goh, K., Hutchinson, P. J. A., Katayama, Y., Lam, J. M. K., Marmarou, A., Ng, S. C. P and Pickard, J. D. eds. Intracranial Pressure and Brain Monitoring XII. Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement , vol. 95. Springer, pp. 471-474.

Wen, H. M., Lam, W. W. M., Rainer, Timothy, Fan, Y. H., Leung, T. W. H., Chan, Y. L. and Wong, K. S. 2004. Multiple acute cerebral infarcts on diffusion-weighted imaging and risk of recurrent stroke. Neurology 63 (7) , pp. 1317-1319. 10.​1212/​01.​WNL.​0000140490.​22251.​B6

Rainer, Timothy, Smit, D. and Cameron, P. 2004. Smoking and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 11 (3) , pp. 143-145.

Rainer, Timothy, Griffith, James F., Lam, Eric, Lam, Peggo K. W. and Metreweli, Constantine 2004. Comparison of thoracic ultrasound, clinical acumen, and radiography in patients with minor chest injury. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 56 (6) , pp. 1211-1213. 10.1097/01.TA.0000075800.65485.48

Chan, Louis Y., Lee, Nelson, Chan, Paul K. S., Wu, Alan, Rainer, Timothy, Li, Philip K. T., Fung, Hong and Sung, Joseph J. Y. 2004. Diagnostic criteria during SARS outbreak in Hong Kong [Letter]. Emerging Infectious Diseases 10 (6) , pp. 1168-1170. 10.3201/eid1006.030618

Cameron, Peter A., Rainer, Timothy and Mak, Paulina 2004. Motor vehicle deaths in Hong Kong: Opportunities for improvement. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 56 (4) , pp. 890-893. 10.1097/01.TA.0000053398.40463.51

Man, S. Y., Woo, W. K., Lam, P. K. W. and Rainer, Timothy 2004. Feasibility study comparing oral paracetamol and oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for treating pain after musculoskeletal injury: a randomised, double blind, controlled trial. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 11 (2) , pp. 78-84.

Chiu, Rossa W. K., Chan, Lisa Y. S., Lam, Nicole Y. L., Tsui, Nancy B. Y., Ng, Enders K. O., Rainer, Timothy and Dennis Lo, Y. M. 2004. Correction for Volume 49, Issue , p. 719. Clinical Chemistry 50 (2) , p. 461. 10.1373/clinchem.2003.029058

Lam, Nicole, Rainer, Timothy, Chiu, Rossa W.K. and Lo, Y.M. Dennis 2004. EDTA is a better anticoagulant than Heparin or Citrate for delayed blood processing for plasma DNA analysis. Clinical Chemistry 50 (1) , pp. 256-257. 10.1373/clinchem.2003.026013

Rainer, Timothy, Lam, Nicole Y.L., Tsui, Nancy B.Y., Ng, Enders K.O., Chiu, Rossa W.K., Joynt, Gavin M. and Lo, Y.M. Dennis 2004. Effects of filtration on Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase mRNA in the plasma of trauma patients and healthy individuals. Clinical Chemistry 50 (1) , pp. 206-208. 10.1373/clinchem.2003.022533

Lam, N. Y.L., Rainer, Timothy, Chiu, R.W.K., Joynt, G.M. and Lo, Y.M.D. 2004. Plasma Mitochondrial DNA concentrations after trauma. Clinical Chemistry 50 (1) , pp. 213-216. 10.1373/clinchem.2003.025783

Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, P. A. and Smit, D. V. 2004. Should differential white cell counts be reported as percentages or absolute counts in patient with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome? Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine 11 (1) , pp. 12-15.

Leung, Gabriel M., Rainer, Timothy, Lau, Fei-Lung, Wong, Irene O. L., Tong, Anna, Wong, Tai-Wai, Kong, James H. B., Hedley, Anthony J. and Lam, Tai-Hing 2004. A clinical prediction rule for diagnosing severe acute respiratory syndrome in the emergency department. Annals of Internal Medicine 141 (5) , pp. 333-342. 10.7326/0003-4819-141-5-200409070-00106

Baum, Larry, Wong, Ka Sing, Ng, Ho Keung, Tomlinson, Brian, Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Daniel Kam Yin, Thomas, G. Neil, Chen, Xiangyan, Poon, Peter, Cheung, Wing Sze and Woo, Kam Sang 2004. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene A222V polymorphism and risk of ischemic stroke. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 42 (12) , pp. 1370-1376. 10.1515/CCLM.2004.256

Lo, Y. M. D. and Rainer, Timothy 2004. Plasma DNA as a noninvasive monitoring tool for trauma patients. In: Burtis, Carl A. and Muller, Mathias M. eds. Advances in critical care testing: the 2002 IFCC-Roche Diagnostics Award, Berlin: Springer, pp. 142-153. (10.1007/978-3-642-18480-2_17)

Rainer, Timothy 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine 10 (3) , pp. 159-165. 10.1097/00063198-200405000-00003

Chan, Paul K. S., Ip, Margaret, Ng, K. C., Chan, Rickjason C. W., Wu, Alan, Lee, Nelson, Rainer, Timothy, Joynt, Gavin M., Sung, Joseph J. Y. and Tam, John S. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases 9 (11) , pp. 1453-1454.

Cameron, P. A., Smit, P. D. and Rainer, Timothy 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) at the beginning [Abstract]. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42 (4) , S37-S37.

Wong, K. T., Antonio, Gregory E., Hui, David S. C., Lee, Nelson, Yuen, Edmund H. Y., Wu, Alan, Leung, C. B., Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, Peter, Chung, Sydney S. C., Sung, Joseph J. Y. and Ahuja, Anil T. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: Radiographic appearances and pattern of progression in 138 patients. Radiology 228 (2) , p. 401. 10.1148/radiol.2282030593

Yuen, Eddie, Kam, Chak Wah and Rainer, Timothy 2003. Role of absolute lymphocyte count in the screening of patients with suspected SARS. Emergency Medicine Australasia 15 (4) , pp. 395-396. 10.1046/j.1442-2026.2003.00486_3.x

Rainer, Timothy and Cameron, Peter A. 2003. Update on emerging infections: news from the centers for disease control and prevention. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42 (1) , pp. 110-112. 10.1067/mem.2003.318

Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, P.A., Smit, DeVilliers, Ong, K.L., Hung, A.N.W., Nin, D.C.P.N., Ahuja, A.T., Si, L.C.Y.S. and Sung, J.J.Y. 2003. Evaluation of WHO criteria for identifying patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome out of hospital: prospective observational study. BMJ 326 (7403) , p. 1354. 10.1136/bmj.326.7403.1354

Cameron, P. A., Rainer, Timothy and Smit, P. D. V. 2003. The SARS epidemic: lessons for Australia [Correction]. Medical Journal of Australia 178 (11) , p. 591.

Chiu, Rossa W. K., Chan, Lisa Y.S., Lam, Nicole Y. L., Tsui, Nancy B.Y., Ng, Enders K.O., Rainer, Timothy and Lo, Y.M. Dennis 2003. Quantitative analysis of circulating mitochondrial DNA in plasma. Clinical Chemistry 49 (5) , pp. 719-726. 10.1373/49.5.719

Lam, W. W. M., So, N. M. C., Wong, K. S. and Rainer, Timothy 2003. B0 images obtained from diffusion-weighted echo planar sequences for the detection of intracerebral bleeds. Journal of Neuroimaging 13 (2) , pp. 99-105. 10.1111/j.1552-6569.2003.tb00165.x

Rainer, Timothy, Wong, Lawrence K. S., Lam, Wynnie, Yuen, Eddie, Lam, Nicole Y. L., Metreweli, Constantine and Dennis Lo, Y. M. 2003. Prognostic use of circulating plasma nucleic acid concentrations in patients with acute stroke. Clinical Chemistry 49 (4) , pp. 562-569. 10.1373/49.4.562

Wong, K. T., Antonio, G. E., Hui, D. S. C., Lee, N., Yuen, E. H. Y., Wu, A., Leung, C. B., Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, P., Chung, S. S. C., Sung, J. J. Y. and Ahuja, A. T. 2003. Radiological appearances of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Journal of the Hong Kong College of Radiologists 6 (1) , pp. 4-6.

Rainer, Timothy and de Villiers Smit, Pieter 2003. Trauma systems and emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Australasia 15 (1) , pp. 11-17. 10.1046/j.1442-2026.2003.00401.x

Chan, S. W. W., Ng, K. C., Lyon, D. J., Cheung, W. L. and Rainer, Timothy 2003. Acute bacterial gastroenteritis: a study of adult patients with positive stool cultures treated in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Journal 20 (4) , pp. 335-338. 10.1136/emj.20.4.335

Antonio, Gregory E., Wong, K. T., Hui, David S. C., Wu, Alan, Lee, Nelson, Yuen, Edmund H. Y., Leung, C. B., Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, Peter, Chung, Sydney S. C., Sung, Joseph J. Y. and Ahuja, Anil T. 2003. Thin-section CT in patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome following hospital discharge: preliminary experience. Radiology 228 (3) , p. 810. 10.1148/radiol.2283030726

Wong, K. T., Antonio, Gregory E., Hui, David S. C., Lee, Nelson, Yuen, Edmund H. Y., Wu, Alan, Leung, C. B., Rainer, Timothy, Cameron, Peter, Chung, Sydney S. C., Sung, Joseph J. Y. and Ahuja, Anil T. 2003. Thin-section CT of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: evaluation of 73 patients exposed to or with the disease. Radiology 228 (2) , p. 395. 10.1148/radiol.2283030541

Lam, N. Y.L., Rainer, Timothy, Chan, L. Y. S., Joynt., G. M. and Lo, Y. M. D. 2003. Time course of early and late changes in plasma DNA in trauma patients. Clinical Chemistry 49 (8) , p. 1286. 10.1373/49.8.1286

Cameron, Peter A. and Rainer, Timothy 2003. Commentary. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42 (1) , pp. 113-116. 10.1067/mem.2003.289

Cameron, Peter A. and Rainer, Timothy H. 2003. SARS: A wake up call for a health care system under stress. Emergency Medicine Australasia 15 (5-6) , pp. 409-412. 10.1046/j.1442-2026.2003.00493.x

Wong, K.S.L, Rainer, Timothy, Lam, W., Yuen, E., Lam, N.Y.L., Metrewel, C. and Lo, Y. M. D. 2002. Circulating plasma beta-globin gene concentrations as a marker of stroke severity in the emergency room [Abstract]. Annals of Neurology 52 (3S) , S23-S23. 10.1002/ana.5005

Ng, Enders K. O., Tsui, Nancy B. Y. and , 2002. Presence of filterable and nonfilterable mRNA in the plasma of cancer patients and healthy individuals. Clinical Chemistry 48 (8) , pp. 1212-1217.

Rainer, Timothy 2002. L-selectin in health and disease. Resuscitation 52 (2) , pp. 127-141. 10.1016/S0300-9572(01)00444-0

Lam, Nicole Y.-L., Rainer, Timothy, Ng, Margaret H.-L., Leung, Yonna and Cocks, Robert A. 2002. Effect of stress hormones on the expression of fibrinogen-binding receptors in platelets. Resuscitation 55 (3) , pp. 277-283. 10.1016/S0300-9572(02)00213-7

Chan, Stewart Siu Wa, Ng, King Cheung, Lam, Peggo Kwok-wei, Lyon, Donald J, Cheung, Wai Lun and Rainer, Timothy 2002. Predictors of positive stool culture in adult patients with acute infectious diarrhea. Journal of Emergency Medicine 23 (2) , pp. 125-130. 10.1016/S0736-4679(02)00500-0

Chan, S. S. W., Ng, K. C., Lyon, D. J., Cheung, W. L. and Rainer, Timothy 2001. Empiric antibiotics for acute infectious diarrhoea. The Hong Kong Practitioner 23 , pp. 430-437.

Rainer, Timothy, Dennis Lo, Y. M., Chan, Lisa Y. S., Lam, Nicole Y. L., Lit, Lydia C. W. and Cocks, R. A. 2001. Derivation of a prediction rule for posttraumatic organ failure using plasma DNA and other variables. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 945 , pp. 211-220. 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2001.tb03888.x

Rainer, Timothy 2001. Molecular medicine in the emergency room: plasma DNA in trauma. Clinical Chemistry 47 (2) , p. 363.

Rainer, Timothy 2001. Plasma DNA as a marker for post-traumatic acute lung injury. Clinical Chemistry 47 (2) , p. 370.

Griffithe, James F., Roebuck, Derek J., Cheng, Jack C. Y., Chan, Yu Leung, Rainer, Timothy, Ng, Bobby K. W. and Metreweli, Constantine 2001. Acute elbow trauma in children: spectrum of injury revealed by MR imaging not apparent on radiographs. American Journal of Roentgenology 176 (1) , pp. 53-60. 10.2214/ajr.176.1.1760053

Rainer, Timothy 2001. Plasma DNA, prediction and post-traumatic complications. Clinica Chimica Acta 313 (1-2) , pp. 81-85. 10.1016/S0009-8981(01)00653-2

Rainer, Timothy, Ng, Margaret H.-L, Lam, Nicole Y.-L, Chan, Tina Y.-F and Cocks, Robert A 2001. Role of monocyte l-selectin in the development of post-traumatic organ failure. Resuscitation 51 (2) , pp. 139-149. 10.1016/S0300-9572(01)00409-9

Rainer, Timothy 2000. Emergency medicine - the specialty. Hong Kong Medical Journal 6 (3) , pp. 269-275.

Cocks, Robert A., Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Tina Y. F., Maycock, Paula F. and Lam, Nicole Y. L. 2000. Increased plasma free cyclic-AMP levels following major trauma and their relevance to the immune response. Resuscitation 45 (2) , pp. 105-109. 10.1016/S0300-9572(00)00176-3

Dennis Lo, Y. M., Rainer, Timothy, Chan, Lisa Y. S., Magnus Hjelm, N. and Cocks, R. A. 2000. Plasma DNA as a prognostic marker in trauma patients. Clinical Chemistry 46 (3) , pp. 319-323.

Mitchell, R. G., Guly, U. M., Rainer, Timothy and Robertson, C. E. 2000. Paramedic activities, drug administration and survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 43 (2) , pp. 95-100. 10.1016/S0300-9572(99)00131-8

Rainer, Timothy 2000. Cost effectiveness analysis of intravenous ketorolac and morphine for treating pain after limb injury: double blind randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal (BMJ) 321 (7271) , 1247. 10.1136/bmj.321.7271.1247

Rainer, Timothy, Lam, Nicole Y. L., Chan, Tina Y. F. and Cocks, Robert A. 2000. Early role of neutrophil l-selectin in posttraumatic acute lung injury. Critical Care Medicine 28 (8) , pp. 2766-2772. 10.1097/00003246-200008000-00014

Rainer, Timothy, Lam, N. and Cocks, R. A. 1999. Adrenaline upregulates monocyte L-selectin in vitro. Resuscitation 43 (1) , pp. 47-55. 10.1016/S0300-9572(99)00121-5

Griffith, J. F., Rainer, Timothy, Ching, A. S., Law, K. L., cocks, R. A. and Metreweli, C. 1999. Sonography compared with radiography in revealing acute rib fracture. American Journal of Roentgenology 173 (6) , pp. 1603-1609. 10.2214/ajr.173.6.10584808

Rainer, Timothy, Lam, P. K. W., Wong, E. M. C. and Cocks, R. A. 1999. Derivation of a prediction rule for post-traumatic acute lung injury. Resuscitation 42 (3) , pp. 187-196. 10.1016/S0300-9572(99)00089-1

Rainer, Timothy, Chan, T. Y. F. and Cocks, R. A. 1999. Do peripheral blood counts have any prognostic value following trauma? Injury 30 (3) , pp. 179-185. 10.1016/S0020-1383(98)00247-2

Rainer, Timothy, Beattie, T., Crofton, P., Sedowofia, K., Stephen, R., Barclay, C. and McIntosh, N. 1999. Systemic hormonal, electrolyte, and substrate changes after non-thermal limb injury in children. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 16 (2) , pp. 104-107. 10.1136/emj.16.2.104

Cocks, Robert A., Chan, Tina Y. F. and Rainer, Timothy 1998. Leukocyte L-selectin is up-regulated after mechanical trauma in adults. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 45 (1) , pp. 1-6.

Rainer, Timothy, Houlihan, K. P. G., Robertson, C. E., Beard, D., Henry, J. M. and Gordon, M. W. G. 1997. An evaluation of paramedic activities in prehospital trauma care. Injury 28 (9-10) , pp. 623-627. 10.1016/S0020-1383(97)00125-3

Mitchell, R. G., Gully, U. M., Rainer, Timothy and Robertson, C. E. 1997. Can the full range of paramedic skills improve survival from out of hospital cardiac arrests? Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 14 (5) , pp. 274-277. 10.1136/emj.14.5.274

Rainer, Timothy, Marshall, R. and Cusack, S. 1997. Paramedics, technicians, and survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 14 (5) , pp. 278-282. 10.1136/emj.14.5.278

Steedman, D. J., Rainer, Timothy and Campanella, C. 1997. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation following profound immersion hypothermia. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 14 (3) , pp. 170-172. 10.1136/emj.14.3.170

Marshall, R. and Rainer, Timothy 1996. Review of police inquiries to an accident and emergency department. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 13 (6) , pp. 402-405. 10.1136/emj.13.6.402

Rainer, Timothy, Swann, I. J. and Crawford, R. 1996. Critical analysis of an accident and emergency ward. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 13 (5) , pp. 325-329. 10.1136/emj.13.5.325

Robertson, C. E. and Rainer, Timothy 1996. Adrenaline, cardiac arrest, and evidence based medicine. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 13 (4) , pp. 234-237. 10.1136/emj.13.4.234

Rainer, Timothy and Crawford, R. 1995. Pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation and pneumoperitoneum. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 12 (4) , pp. 288-290. 10.1136/emj.12.4.288

Hislop, L. J., Wyatt, J. P., McNaughton, G. W., Ireland, A. J., Rainer, Timothy, Olverman, G. and Laughton, L. M. 1995. Urban hypothermia in the west of Scotland. British Medical Journal 311 (7007) , p. 725. 10.1136/bmj.311.7007.725

Rainer, Timothy, Gordon, M. W. G., Robertson, C. E. and Cusack, S. 1995. Evaluation of outcome following cardiac arrest in patients presenting to two Scottish emergency departments. Resuscitation 29 (1) , pp. 33-39. 10.1016/0300-9572(94)00813-U

Swift, G. L., Rainer, Timothy, Saran, R., Campbell, I. A. and Prescott, R. J. 1994. Use of Flutter VRP1 in the management of patients with steroid-dependent asthma. Respiration 61 (3) , pp. 126-129. 10.1159/000196323

Evans, R. J., McCabe, M., Allen, H., Rainer, Timothy and Richmond, P. W. 1993. Telephone advice in the accident and emergency department: a survey of current practice. Archives of Emergency Medicine 10 (3) , pp. 216-219. 10.1136/emj.10.3.216

Rainer, Timothy, Saunders, M and Richards, R 1992. Determinants of inspiratory flow rate (IFR) through Diskhalers. Thorax 47 (3) , 239P-239P. 10.1136/thx.47.3.209P

This list was generated on Sun Dec 8 09:35:48 2019 GMT.