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Dispersal and accumulation of Pt, Pd and Rh derived from a roundabout in Sheffield (UK): From stream to tidal estuary

Prichard, Hazel Margaret, Jackson, Matthew T. and Sampson, J. 2008. Dispersal and accumulation of Pt, Pd and Rh derived from a roundabout in Sheffield (UK): From stream to tidal estuary. Science of the Total Environment 401 (1-3) , pp. 90-99. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.03.037

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The Coisley Hill roundabout, a typical urban source for PGE in stream sediments, has anomalously high values of up to 408 ppb Pt, 444 ppb Pd and 113 ppb Rh in road dust, up to 416 ppb Pt and 278 ppb Pd in gulley sediment and up to 606 ppb Pt and 1050 ppb Pd in verge soil. For samples collected at the same time, the road dust values are much higher than in sediments in the Shire Brook stream, that drains the roundabout, with values of 3–64 ppb Pt, 4–57 ppb Pd and up to 7 ppb Rh. Downstream sediments from rivers Rother and Don have lower values of 2–35 ppb Pt, 2–14 ppb Pd and up to 3 ppb Rh. The Humber estuary values are low with 6–8 ppb Pt, 5–8 ppb Pd and 1–2 ppb Rh. Pt/Pd increases down catchment with Coisley Hill 0.8, Shire Brook 1.0, Trent and Don 1.5 and the Humber estuary 2.0. Pt/Rh and Pd/Rh also increase downstream. Precious metals are generally dispersed away from their vehicle catalytic source and Pd is dispersed more than Pt and Rh but Pt and Pd are re-concentrated in acid mine drainage in the Shire Brook, with concentrations varying with stream flow. Pt and Pd values are slightly elevated at the tidal limit and in mud deposited when the river is in spate. On Coisley Hill, values of 133 ppb Pt and 230 ppb Pd occur in dust from a new road surface (two weeks old when sampled). These are similar to those on much older road surfaces suggesting that Pt and Pd collect and disperse rapidly from roads. Au is low in road dust and higher values in conurbations suggest the presence of more Au sources in urban rather than in rural areas. Au values are not diluted downstream as much as PGE suggesting different processes of dispersion and sedimentation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-9697
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 13:14

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