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The human hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) gene and its natural antisense RNA exhibit coordinated expression in the renal proximal tubular epithelial cell

Michael, Daryn Robert, Phillips, Aled Owain, Krupa, Aleksandra, Martin, John, Redman, James Edward, Altaher, Abdalsamed, Neville, Rachel Dawn, Webber, Jason P., Kim, Min-Young and Bowen, Timothy 2011. The human hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) gene and its natural antisense RNA exhibit coordinated expression in the renal proximal tubular epithelial cell. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286 (22) , pp. 19523-19532. 10.1074/jbc.M111.233916

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Abstract

Aberrant expression of the human hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) gene has been implicated in the pathology of malignancy, pulmonary arterial hypertension, osteoarthritis, asthma, thyroid dysfunction, and large organ fibrosis. Renal fibrosis is associated with increased cortical synthesis of hyaluronan (HA), an extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan, and we have shown that HA is a correlate of interstitial fibrosis in vivo. Our previous in vitro data have suggested that both HAS2 transcriptional induction and subsequent HAS2-driven HA synthesis may contribute to kidney fibrosis via phenotypic modulation of the renal proximal tubular epithelial cell (PTC). Post-transcriptional regulation of HAS2 mRNA synthesis by the natural antisense RNA HAS2-AS1 has recently been described in osteosarcoma cells, but the antisense transcript was not detected in kidney. In this study, PTC stimulation with IL-1β or TGF-β1 induced coordinated temporal profiles of HAS2-AS1 and HAS2 transcription. Constitutive activity of the putative HAS2-AS1 promoter was demonstrated, and transcription factor-binding sequence motifs were identified. Knockdown of Sp1/Sp3 expression by siRNA blunted IL-1β induction of both HAS2-AS1 and HAS2, and Smad2/Smad3 knockdown similarly attenuated TGF-β1 stimulation. Inhibition of IL-1β-stimulated HAS2-AS1 RNA induction using HAS2-AS1-specific siRNAs also suppressed up-regulation of HAS2 mRNA transcription. The thermodynamic feasibility of HAS2-AS1/HAS2 heterodimer formation was demonstrated in silico, and locus-specific cytoplasmic double-stranded RNA was detected in vitro. In summary, our data show that transcriptional induction of HAS2-AS1 and HAS2 occurs simultaneously in PTCs and suggest that transcription of the antisense RNA stabilizes or augments HAS2 mRNA expression in these cells via RNA/mRNA heteroduplex formation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Chemistry
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antisense RNA; Extracellular Matrix; Gene Transcription; Hyaluronate; Kidney; Hyaluronan Synthase 2; Natural Antisense HAS2-AS1; Noncoding RNA; Post-transcriptional Regulation; Renal Fibrosis
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 23:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/9882

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