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Geological folds in three dimensions

Lisle, Richard John 2009. Geological folds in three dimensions. Trabajos de Geología 29 , pp. 18-22.

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The majority of terms that structural geologists use to describe the geometrical features of folds are defined in terms of simple cylindrical fold model. These terms have served well in the past where folds are observed at surface outcrop, and where three-dimensional information is limited. However, new mapping methods, e.g. high precision GPS, seismic and LIDAR deliver more complete 3D data on folded surfaces and reveal that the cylindrical model is an inadequate model of fold geometry. This review examines how existing terms such as the antiform, synform, hinge line and fold inflection line can be re-defined in order to make them useful for describing general non-cylindrical folds.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: fold patterns, principal curvatures, differential geometry, ridge lines
Publisher: Universidad de Oviedo
ISSN: 1988-5172
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:09

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