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Surface complexation of U(VI) by Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides

Sherman, David M., Hubbard, Christopher and Peacock, Caroline L. 2008. Surface complexation of U(VI) by Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides. In: Merkel, Broder J. and Hasche-Berger, Andrea eds. Uranium, Mining and Hydrogeology, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 929-930. (10.1007/978-3-540-87746-2_122)

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Sorption of U(VI) to iron and manganese (hydr)oxides is a fundamental control on the mobility of uranium in oxic soil and groundwater. Surface complexation models for these sorption reactions are needed to enable reactive transport simulations of U in the environment. We have been investigating the sorption of U(VI) to iron and manganese (hydr)oxide minerals using classical batch sorption experiments, EXAFS spectroscopy and first-principles (quantum mechanical) calculations of the structures and energetics of U surface complexes. EXAFS spectra of U surface complexes are complicated by multiple scattering and the poor resolution of U-carbonate complexes. We argue that previous models for surface complexation need to be reassessed. Instead, we show that on goethite (α-FeOOH) and ferrihydrite (Fe10O14(OH)2), we can model both our EXAFS and our sorption experiments using three surface complexes, (>FeOH)2UO2(H2O)3, >FeOCO2UO2, and (>FeOH)2UO2CO3. Using these complexes, we fit our batch sorption experiments to a surface complexation models for U on goethite and ferrihydrite with a 1pK model for surface protonation, an extended Stern model for surface electrostatics and inclusion of all known UO2-OH-CO3 aqueous complexes in the current thermodynamic database. The models give an excellent fit to our sorption experiments done in both ambient and reduced CO2 environments at surface loadings of 0.02-2.0 wt. % U. We find that we can model the EXAFS and batch sorption experiments of U(VI) on birnessite as an inner-sphere (>Mn2O)3UO2++ and (>Mn2O)3UO2CO3 complexes over vacancy sites. In the environment, U(VI) and its carbonate complexes will be preferentially sorbed by iron(III) (hydr)oxides over manganese(IV) oxides

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geotechnical engineering & applied earth sciences; Terrestrial pollution; Geochemistry; Hydrogeology; Waste water technology; Water pollution control; Water management; Aquatic pollution
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ISBN: 9783540877455
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 10:15

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