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Genes: types

Berg, Lutz-Peter and Cooper, David 2005. Genes: types. eLS, Wiley-Blackwell, (10.1038/npg.els.0005016)

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A gene is a segment of DNA that contains in its nucleotide sequence the information to make protein or RNA molecules. Genes are passed on from parent to offspring and therefore constitute the basic units of heredity. The human genome contains more than 30000 protein-coding genes, several thousand genes for noncoding RNA molecules and many thousands of pseudogenes – the nonfunctional by-products of gene evolution.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Uncontrolled Keywords: gene structure and organization; protein-coding genes; noncoding ribonucleic acid; pseudogenes; gene numbers
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:34

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