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Sequencing the Human Genome: Novel insights into its structure and function

Kehrer-Sawatzki, Hildegard and Cooper, David Neil 2016. Sequencing the Human Genome: Novel insights into its structure and function. eLS 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001899.pub3

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The availability of the human genome sequence has had an enormous impact on biomedical research. New discoveries emanating directly from the elucidation of the human genome sequence have included the unexpectedly low total number of genes, the existence of numerous transcribed but noncoding sequences and the multiplicity of low-copy repeats and segmental duplications. The Human Genome Project has also spawned new research projects such as Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE), Haplotype Map (HapMap) 1000 Genomes Project and the Human Variome Project which together are helping to reveal the remarkable complexity and diversity of the human genome. Finally, comparison of the human reference genome sequence with the genomes of other human species such as the Neanderthal and Denisovan or with other vertebrates has opened up numerous research avenues in evolutionary biology.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Genome Project (HGP); ENCODE project; HapMap project; nonprotein-coding genes; gene definition; ultraconserved elements; segmental duplications
Publisher: Wiley
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 14:03

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