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How do illicit drugs move across countries? A network analysis of the heroin supply to Europe

Giommoni, Luca, Aziani, Alberto and Berlusconi, Giulia 2017. How do illicit drugs move across countries? A network analysis of the heroin supply to Europe. Journal of Drug Issues 47 (2) , pp. 217-240. 10.1177/0022042616682426

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Abstract

Illicit drugs are trafficked across manifold borders before ultimately reaching consumers. Consequently, interdiction of cross-border drug trafficking forms a critical component of the European Union’s initiative to reduce drug supplies. However, there is contradictory evidence about its effectiveness, which is due, in part, to a paucity of information about how drugs flow across borders. This study uses a network approach to analyse international drug trafficking both to and within Europe, drawing on several perspectives to delineate the factors that affect how drug shipments move across borders. The analysis explicates how drug trafficking is concentrated along specific routes; moreover, we demonstrate that its structure is not random, but, rather, driven by specific factors. In particular, corruption, social and geographical proximity are key factors explaining the configuration of heroin supply to European countries. This study also provides essential insights into the disruption of traffickers’ illicit activities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0022-0426
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 August 2017
Date of Acceptance: 13 November 2016
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2018 16:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/96092

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