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Competence, competency-based education, and undergraduate dental education: a discussion paper

Chuenjitwongsa, Supachai, Oliver, Richard and Bullock, Alison Deborah 2018. Competence, competency-based education, and undergraduate dental education: a discussion paper. European Journal of Dental Education 22 (1) , pp. 1-8. 10.1111/eje.12213

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Abstract

The aim of undergraduate dental education is to provide competent dentists to serve societal needs and improve population oral healthcare. Competency-based education has influenced the development of dental education for decades but this term is problematic. This article explores components of competency-based undergraduate health professional education in order to help the dental profession have a better understanding of the context and purposes of undergraduate dental education. Methods This is a discussion paper based on a wide reading of the literature on the education of health professionals with a specific focus on competency-based undergraduate education. Results and Discussion Competence comprises an integration of knowledge, skills and attitudes indicating a capability to perform professional tasks safely and ethically. The process of becoming a competent practitioner is complex. Four characteristics of competency-based education are: curriculum components and content shaped by societal needs; focused on student-centred learning; learning achievement; and limited attention to time-based training and numerical targets. Alongside a competency-based approach, undergraduate dental education can be influenced by institutional features and external factors but these receive little consideration in the literature. Conclusion Understanding competence, competency-based education, and institutional and external factors will help to improve educational quality, define roles and professional development for the dental educator, and inform further research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Unit for Research and Evaluation in Medical and Dental Education (CUREMeDE)
Medicine
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1396-5883
Date of Acceptance: 3 May 2016
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2019 20:26
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/93633

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