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The frictional resistance induced by bacterial based biofouling in drainage pipelines

Cowle, Matthew, Babatunde, Akintunde and Bockelmann-Evans, Bettina Nicole 2017. The frictional resistance induced by bacterial based biofouling in drainage pipelines. Journal of Hydraulic Research 55 (2) , pp. 269-283. 10.1080/00221686.2016.1212411

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Abstract

This paper aims at improving the current understanding of bacterial-based biofouling in drainage pipelines. Using a purpose built pipeline facility consisting of a high density polyethylene pipe, biofilms were incubated with synthetic wastewater for 20 days at three steady-state flow regimes. The results obtained have shown that the presence of a biofilm can cause a significant increase in frictional resistance. The magnitude of a biofilm’s frictional resistance is a function of the shear conditions under which the biofilm is incubated. In particular, the lower the conditioning shear, the higher the frictional resistance imparted by the biofilm. This is attributed to the thickness and roughness distribution induced by such conditions, and it serves to highlight the problem of characterizing a biofilm’s effective roughness using a single roughness scale. The study has also supported the earlier funding that the von Kármán constant is non-universal, and is dependent on Reynolds number for biofouled pipes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0022-1686
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 July 2016
Date of Acceptance: 10 July 2016
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 17:51
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/92986

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