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Topographic patterns of small subcortical infarcts associated with MCA stenosis: A diffusion-weighted MRI study

Wang, Xin, Lam, Wynnie W. M., Fan, Yu Hua, Graham, Colin A., Rainer, Timothy Hudson and Wong, Ka Sing 2006. Topographic patterns of small subcortical infarcts associated with MCA stenosis: A diffusion-weighted MRI study. Journal of Neuroimaging 16 (3) , pp. 266-271. 10.1111/j.1552-6569.2006.00027.x

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Background and Purpose. Small subcortical infarcts (SSI, maximum lesion diameter ≤2.0 cm) are usually considered as infarcts caused by small vessel disease. However, SSI can also be associated with large artery occlusive disease such as middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. We performed a prospective study to investigate the relationship between MCA stenosis and SSI distribution and further to investigate the mechanism of SSI caused by MCA stenosis. Methods. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and diffusion-weighed MRI (DWI) of consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with recent SSI were studied. The distribution of acute infarcts on DWI was categorized as cortical infarct (CI), border zone infarct (BI), or perforating artery infarct (PAI). Results. Totally, 93 cases were recruited, among which 12 had single SSI with MCA stenosis (group 1) and 26 patients had multiple SSI with MCA stenosis (group 2), while 55 patients without MCA stenosis had single SSI (group 3). For patients with single SSI and MCA stenosis, 6 had BI and 6 had PAI; for patients with multiple SSI and MCA stenosis, 25 had BI, 4 had PAI and 9 had CI (compared with group1: P= .001); for patients with single SSI but without MCA stenosis, 20 had BI and 35 had PAI (compared with group1: P= .58). Conclusion. Multiple acute infarcts along the border zone are the commonest pattern in small infarcts with MCA stenosis, especially among those with multiple acute infarcts. Our data suggest that hemodynamic compromise and artery-to-artery embolism may be both important factors for infarcts in patients with MCA stenosis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Small subcortical infarcts; stroke; embolism; MCA stenosis; diffusion-weighted imaging
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1051-2284
Date of Acceptance: 7 December 2005
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:15

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