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Mid-arm circumference can be used to estimate children's weights

Cattermole, G.N., Leung, P.Y.M., Mak, P.S.K., Graham, C.A. and Rainer, Timothy Hudson 2010. Mid-arm circumference can be used to estimate children's weights. Resuscitation 81 (9) , p. 1105. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.05.015

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Introduction Accurate measurement of children's weight is rarely possible in paediatric resuscitation, and rapid estimates are made to ensure appropriate drug and fluid doses and equipment selection. Weight is commonly estimated from formulae based on children's age, or from their height using the Broselow tape. Foot-length and mid-arm circumference have also been suggested as the basis of weight-estimation formulae. Objectives To determine which of age, height, foot-length or mid-arm circumference had the strongest relationship with weight in healthy children, to derive a simple weight-estimation formula from the strongest correlate, and to compare its performance with existing weight-estimation tools. Methods This was a population-based prospective observational study of Hong Kong Chinese children aged 1–11 years old last birthday. Weight was measured to the nearest 0.2 kg; height, foot-length and mid-arm circumference to the nearest 0.1 cm. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine the strongest independent relationships with weight, and linear regression analysis derived a weight-estimation formula. Accuracy and precision of this formula were compared with standard age-based and height-based weight-estimation methods. Results Mid-arm circumference had the strongest relationship with weight, and this relationship grew stronger with age. The formula, weight [kg] = (mid-arm circumference [cm] − 10) × 3, was at least as accurate and precise as the Broselow method and outperformed the age-based rule in school-age children, but was inadequate in pre-school children. Conclusion This weight-estimation formula based on mid-arm circumference is reliable for use in school-age children, and an arm-tape could be considered as an alternative to the Broselow tape in this population.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: (MeSH) Pediatrics; Resuscitation; Body weights and measures
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0300-9572
Date of Acceptance: 22 May 2010
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:15

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