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Assessing the neurological outcome of traumatic acute subdural hematoma patients with and without primary decompressive craniectomies

Wong, George Kwok-Chu, Hung, Yuk-Wah, Chong, Charing, Yeung, Janice, Chi-Ping Ng, Stephanie, Rainer, Timothy and Poon, Wai-Sang 2010. Assessing the neurological outcome of traumatic acute subdural hematoma patients with and without primary decompressive craniectomies. In: Czernicki, Zbigniew, Baethmann, Alexander, Ito, Umeo, Katayama, Yoichi, Kuroiwa, Toshihiko and Mendelow, David eds. Brain Edema XVI, Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum, vol. 106. Vienna: Springer, pp. 235-237. (10.1007/978-3-211-98811-4_44)

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Abstract

Background: We have investigated the impact of primary decompressive craniectomies on neurological outcomes after adjusting for other predictive variables. Method: We have collected data from trauma patients with acute subdural hematomas in a regional trauma center in Hong Kong over a 4-year period. Patient risk factors were investigated using logistic regression. Results: Out of 464 patients with significant head injuries, 100 patients had acute subdural hematomas and were recruited for analysis. Forty-four percent of the patients achieved favorable neurological outcomes after 6 months. Favorable neurological outcomes at 1 year were related to age, pupil dilatation, and motor GCS scores at the time of admission. In the 34 patients who underwent evacuation of acute subdural hematomas, primary decompressive craniectomy was not associated with favorable neurological outcomes. Conclusion: Primary decompressive craniectomy failed to show benefit in terms of neurological outcomes and should be reserved for cases with uncontrolled intra-operative brain swelling.

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute subdural hematoma; craniotomy; decompressive craniectomy; neurological outcome
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 97831211987582
ISSN: 00651419
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/92711

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