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Differences in the compliance with hospital infection control practices during the 2009 influenza H1N1 pandemic in three countries

Chor, J.S.Y., Pada, S.K., Stephenson, I., Goggins, W.B., Tambyah, P.A., Medina, M., Lee, N., Leung, T.-F., Ngai, K.L.K., Law, S.K., Rainer, Timothy Hudson, Griffiths, S. and Chan, P.K.S. 2012. Differences in the compliance with hospital infection control practices during the 2009 influenza H1N1 pandemic in three countries. Journal of Hospital Infection 81 (2) , pp. 98-103. 10.1016/j.jhin.2012.04.003

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Background In December 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued updated guidelines on the prevention of H1N1 influenza virus in healthcare settings. In 2010, the WHO pandemic influenza alert level was still at phase 6. Aim To study the practice of infection control measures during the 2009 influenza H1N1 pandemic among healthcare workers (HCWs) in three countries. Methods A standardized, self-administered anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted in 2010 among doctors, nurses and allied HCWs in 120 hospital-based clinical departments in Hong Kong, Singapore and the UK. Questions were asked on demographics; previous experience and perceived severity of influenza; infection control practices; uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination and H1N1 vaccination. Multiple logistic regression was used to test the independent association with different factors. Findings A total of 2100 HCWs in the three countries participated. They reported high compliance (>80%) with infection control procedures regarded as standard for droplet-transmitted infections including wearing and changing gloves, and washing hands before and after patient contact. However, the reported use of masks with indirect or direct patient contact (surgical or N95 as required by their hospital) varied considerably (96.4% and 70.4% for Hong Kong; 82.3% and 87.7% for Singapore; 25.3% and 62.0% for the UK). Reported compliance was associated with job title, number of patient contacts and perceived severity of pandemics. There was no association between the uptake for seasonal or 2009 H1N1 vaccines and compliance. Conclusions Compliance with infection control measures for pandemic influenza appears to vary widely depending on the setting.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compliance; Infection control; Influenza; Pandemic; Vaccine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0195-6701
Date of Acceptance: 3 April 2012
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:15

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