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Mechanistic insights into the Cu(I) oxide-catalyzed conversion of CO2 to fuels and chemicals: a DFT approach

Mishra, Abhishek Kumar and de Leeuw, Nora H. 2016. Mechanistic insights into the Cu(I) oxide-catalyzed conversion of CO2 to fuels and chemicals: a DFT approach. Journal of CO2 Utilization 15 , pp. 96-106. 10.1016/j.jcou.2016.02.008

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Abstract

Periodic, self-consistent, density functional theory calculations with corrections via a Hubbard U parameter, and inclusion of dispersive forces (DFT-D2), have been employed to study CO2 activation and conversion on the Cu2O (1 1 1) surface. CO2 hydrogenation on the Cu2O (1 1 1) surface was investigated systematically, and the respective microscopic reaction mechanisms were elucidated. We show that, whereas CO2 dissociation is not energetically allowed on the Cu2O (1 1 1) surface, CO2 hydrogenation to a formate intermediate is more favourable than the formation of a carboxyl intermediate. Further hydrogenation from formate to formic acid is energetically allowed, where formate combines with strongly adsorbed surface hydrogen to form bidentate formic acid moieties. Formation of both the formate and the formic acid from adsorbed CO2 and surface hydrogen are exothermic reactions

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
ISSN: 2212-9820
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 May 2016
Date of Acceptance: 23 February 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:10
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/91318

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