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Nitrogen activation in a Mars-van Krevelen mechanism for ammonia synthesis on Co3Mo3N

Zeinalipour-Yazdi, Constantinos D., Hargreaves, Justin S. J. and Catlow, Charles Richard 2015. Nitrogen activation in a Mars-van Krevelen mechanism for ammonia synthesis on Co3Mo3N. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119 (51) , pp. 28368-28376. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06811

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Abstract

Co3Mo3N is one of the most active catalysts for ammonia synthesis; however, little is known about the atomistic details of N2 adsorption and activation. Here we examine whether N2 can adsorb and activate at nitrogen surface vacancies. We have identified the most favorable sites for surface nitrogen vacancy formation and have calculated vacancy formation free energies (and concentrations) taking into account vacancy configurational entropy and the entropy of N2 at temperature and pressure conditions relevant to ammonia synthesis (380–550 °C, 100 atm) via a semiempirical approach. We show that 3-fold hollow bound nitrogen-containing (111)-surfaces have surprisingly high concentrations (1.6 × 1016 to 3.7 × 1016 cm–2) of nitrogen vacancies in the temperature range for ammonia synthesis. It is shown that these vacancy sites can adsorb and activate N2 demonstrating the potential of a Mars–van Krevelen type mechanism on Co3Mo3N. The catalytically active surface is one where 3f-hollow-nitrogens are bound to the molybdenum framework with a hexagonal array of embedded Co8 cobalt nanoclusters. We find that the vacancy-formation energy (VFE) combined with the adsorption energy can be used as a descriptor in the screening of materials that activate doubly and triply bonded molecules that are bound end-on at surface vacancies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: ACS Publications
ISSN: 1932-7447
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 May 2016
Date of Acceptance: 5 October 2015
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:10
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/91262

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