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New light on old boys: Cognitive and institutional particularism in the peer review system

Collins, Harold Maurice and Travis, G.D.L. 1991. New light on old boys: Cognitive and institutional particularism in the peer review system. Science, Technology & Human Values 16 (3) , pp. 322-341. 10.1177/016224399101600303

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Abstract

Peer review of grant applications, it has been suggested, might be distorted by what is popularly termed old boyism, cronyism, or particularism. We argue that the existing debate emphasizes the more uninteresting aspects of the peer review system and that the operation of old boyism, as currently understood would have little effect on the overall direction of science. We identify a phenomenon of cognitive particularism, which we consider to be more important than the institutional cronyism analyzed in previous studies. We illustrate with material drawn from observation of grant-awarding commit tees of the (British) Science and Engineering Research CounciL In the concluding discussion, we explore some of the possible implications for the peer review system.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0162-2439
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2017 01:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/89413

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