Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: The (re)discovery of Darwin's worms

Sturzenbaum, Stephen R., Andre, Jane, Kille, Peter and Morgan, Andrew John 2009. Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: The (re)discovery of Darwin's worms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 276 (1658) , pp. 789-797. 10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Small incremental biological change, winnowed by natural selection over geological time scales to produce large consequences, was Darwin's singular insight that revolutionized the life sciences. His publications after 1859, including the ‘earthworm book’, were all written to amplify and support the evolutionary theory presented in the Origin. Darwin was unable to provide a physical basis for the inheritance of favoured traits because of the absence of genetic knowledge that much later led to the ‘modern synthesis’. Mistaken though he was in advocating systemic ‘gemmules’ as agents of inheritance, Darwin was perceptive in seeking to underpin his core vision with concrete factors that both determine the nature of a trait in one generation and convey it to subsequent generations. This brief review evaluates the molecular genetic literature on earthworms published during the last decade, and casts light on the specific aspects of earthworm evolutionary biology that more or less engaged Darwin: (i) biogeography, (ii) species diversity, (iii) local adaptations and (iv) sensitivity. We predict that the current understanding will deepen with the announcement of a draft earthworm genome in Darwin's bicentenary year, 2009. Subsequently, the earthworm may be elevated from the status of a soil sentinel to that elusive entity, an ecologically relevant genetic model organism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Darwin; earthworms; evolution; genotypes; biogeography ; transcriptomics
Publisher: Royal Society
ISSN: 0962-8452
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2018 20:14
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/8883

Citation Data

Cited 25 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item