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Differences and comparisons of the properties and reactivities of iron(III)–hydroperoxo complexes with saturated coordination sphere

Faponle, A. S, Quesne, Matthew, Sastri, C. V, Banse, F. and De visser, S. P 2015. Differences and comparisons of the properties and reactivities of iron(III)–hydroperoxo complexes with saturated coordination sphere. Chemistry - a European Journal 21 (3) , pp. 1221-1236. 10.1002/chem.201404918

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Abstract

Heme and nonheme monoxygenases and dioxygenases catalyze important oxygen atom transfer reactions to substrates in the body. It is now well established that the cytochrome P450 enzymes react through the formation of a high-valent iron(IV)–oxo heme cation radical. Its precursor in the catalytic cycle, the iron(III)–hydroperoxo complex, was tested for catalytic activity and found to be a sluggish oxidant of hydroxylation, epoxidation and sulfoxidation reactions. In a recent twist of events, evidence has emerged of several nonheme iron(III)–hydroperoxo complexes that appear to react with substrates via oxygen atom transfer processes. Although it was not clear from these studies whether the iron(III)–hydroperoxo reacted directly with substrates or that an initial O[BOND]O bond cleavage preceded the reaction. Clearly, the catalytic activity of heme and nonheme iron(III)–hydroperoxo complexes is substantially different, but the origins of this are still poorly understood and warrant a detailed analysis. In this work, an extensive computational analysis of aromatic hydroxylation by biomimetic nonheme and heme iron systems is presented, starting from an iron(III)–hydroperoxo complex with pentadentate ligand system (L52). Direct C[BOND]O bond formation by an iron(III)–hydroperoxo complex is investigated, as well as the initial heterolytic and homolytic bond cleavage of the hydroperoxo group. The calculations show that [(L52)FeIII(OOH)]2+ should be able to initiate an aromatic hydroxylation process, although a low-energy homolytic cleavage pathway is only slightly higher in energy. A detailed valence bond and thermochemical analysis rationalizes the differences in chemical reactivity of heme and nonheme iron(III)–hydroperoxo and show that the main reason for this particular nonheme complex to be reactive comes from the fact that they homolytically split the O[BOND]O bond, whereas a heterolytic O[BOND]O bond breaking in heme iron(III)–hydroperoxo is found.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: WileyBlackwell
ISSN: 0947-6539
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/88654

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