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Fungi, ecosystems, and global change

Boddy, Lynne 2016. Fungi, ecosystems, and global change. In: Watkinson, Sarah C., Money, Nicholas and Boddy, Lynne eds. The Fungi (Third Edition), Elsevier, pp. 361-400. (10.1016/B978-0-12-382034-1.00011-6)

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Abstract

As decomposers, pathogens, and mutualistic symbionts with plants and animals, fungi play a major role in ecosystem processes including nutrient cycling, bioconversions, and energy flows. Fungi are globally distributed, but different species have distinctive geographical distributions that depend on hosts and climate. Fungal communities are being affected by global change, including climate change, land use change, pollution, pesticides and fertilisers, and movement of biota. Since decomposers, plant and animal pathogens, mycorrhizas and lichens are all affected, there are implications for disease and ecosystem processes. Loss of diversity is a problem at least as large for fungi as for plants and animals, but fungi are not usually a high profile group. Red Lists are being constructed for fungi using IUCN categories, though use of criteria for plants and animals is not always straightforward.

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780123820341
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/88629

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