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Crypt stem cells as the cells-of-origin of intestinal cancer [Letter]

Barker, Nick, Ridgway, Rachel A., Van Es, Johan H., Van De Wetering, Marc, Begthel, Harry, Van Den Born, Maaike, Danenberg, Esther, Clarke, Alan Richard, Sansom, Owen J. and Clevers, Hans 2009. Crypt stem cells as the cells-of-origin of intestinal cancer [Letter]. Nature 457 (7229) , pp. 608-611. 10.1038/nature07602

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Abstract

Intestinal cancer is initiated by Wnt-pathway-activating mutations in genes such as adenomatous polyposis coli (APC). As in most cancers, the cell of origin has remained elusive. In a previously established Lgr5 (leucine-rich-repeat containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5) knockin mouse model, a tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase is expressed in long-lived intestinal stem cells1. Here we show that deletion of Apc in these stem cells leads to their transformation within days. Transformed stem cells remain located at crypt bottoms, while fuelling a growing microadenoma. These microadenomas show unimpeded growth and develop into macroscopic adenomas within 3-5weeks. The distribution of Lgr5+ cells within stem-cell-derived adenomas indicates that a stem cell/progenitor cell hierarchy is maintained in early neoplastic lesions. When Apc is deleted in short-lived transit-amplifying cells using a different cre mouse, the growth of the induced microadenomas rapidly stalls. Even after 30weeks, large adenomas are very rare in these mice. We conclude that stem-cell-specific loss of Apc results in progressively growing neoplasia.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute (ECSCRI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0028-0836
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 01:57
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/8801

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