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An investigation of factors predictive of continued self-injurious behaviour in an intellectual disability service

Danquah, Adam, Limb, Kate, Chapman, Melanie, Burke, Carrie, Flood, Andrea, Gore, Sarah, Greenwood, Kara, Healey, Kelsey, Reid, William Kerr, Kilroy, Jan, Lacey, Huma, Malone, Caroline, Perkin, Michelle and Hare, Dougal Julian 2009. An investigation of factors predictive of continued self-injurious behaviour in an intellectual disability service. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 22 (4) , pp. 395-399. 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2008.00470.x

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Background  Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is among the most serious problems faced by intellectual disability services. It is very difficult to treat and can become a chronic problem. Method  Information on a number of variables was collected through a survey of service-users identified as displaying SIBs. Clinical opinion and a literature review guided the selection of potential predictors of continued SIB. Univariate statistical analyses were used to investigate associations between continued SIB and each of the variables identified. Variables shown to have a significant association with continued SIB were subjected to a multivariate analysis to isolate those variables that still predicted continued SIB once the influence of the others had been accounted for. Results  Two factors, self-biting and verbal ability, were found to independently predict continued SIB. Conclusion  The results have implications for intellectual disability services, in terms of the importance of multidisciplinary team working, training and guidelines for problem management.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-injurious behaviour
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1360-2322
Date of Acceptance: 10 October 2008
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2020 01:25

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