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Clinical enamel surface changes following an intra-oral acidic challenge

Seong, J., Virani, A., Parkinson, C., Claydon, N., Hellin, N., Newcombe, Robert Gordon and West, N. 2015. Clinical enamel surface changes following an intra-oral acidic challenge. Journal of Dentistry 43 (8) , pp. 1013-1020. 10.1016/j.jdent.2015.04.002

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Objectives Investigation of early enamel erosion using replica impressions to compare changes in enamel surface topography in vivo prior to and over a 24 h period following acid challenge. Method A single treatment, blinded, enamel replica clinical study was undertaken in 20 healthy subjects. Replica tooth impressions were taken at baseline, following acid challenge and 2, 4, 7 and 24 h post challenge. Subjects consumed 500 ml of acidic soft drink over 30 min. Scanning electron microscopy of surface tomography was characterised with a descriptive 5 point scale by four judges. Duplicate impressions were taken to assess reproducibility. Results 18 subjects had scorable sequences. Descriptive analyses showed erosive changes following acid consumption and reparative changes in the subsequent 24 h period. Comparing baseline replica to the 24 h replica, there were no significant differences (p = 0.26) in tooth surface characteristics. Comparing the replica taken immediately following acidic challenge with the subsequent replicas at 2, 4, 7 and 24 h, showed clear reduction of erosive effects on the enamel surface at 2 h (p = 0.02) and a highly significant reduction at 4, 7 and 24 h (p < 0.001). Conclusion This methodology demonstrated the ability to follow the progression and recovery of early erosive enamel lesions over 24 h being accurate and reproducible. This study suggests enamel repair commences within 2 h following a substantial acidic challenge and is completed 4–24 h later. After 24 h, the tooth surface appeared visibly indistinguishable from the original tooth surface, suggestive of a recovery process occurring. Clinical significance Healthy erosive lifestyles often culminate in tooth wear. The time taken for enamel remineralisation following acidic challenge is unknown however, this study suggests the repair process is relatively slow following a substantial acidic challenge, and at least 4–24 h should elapse prior to further acidic consumption to allow for recovery.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Additional Information: Available online 11 April 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0300-5712
Date of Acceptance: 1 April 2015
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 18:18

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