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Highly crystalline vanadium phosphate catalysts synthesized using poly(acrylic acid-co-maleic acid) as a structure directing agent

Alhumaimess, Mosaed, Lin, Zhongjie, Dummer, Nicholas, Taylor, Stuart Hamilton, Hutchings, Graham John and Bartley, Jonathan Keith 2015. Highly crystalline vanadium phosphate catalysts synthesized using poly(acrylic acid-co-maleic acid) as a structure directing agent. Catalysis Science & Technology 6 , pp. 2910-2917. 10.1039/C5CY01260K

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Abstract

Vanadium phosphate catalysts have been widely studied for the selective oxidation of alkanes to a variety of products, including maleic and phthalic anhydride. More recently they are starting to find use as low temperature liquid phase oxidation catalysts. For all these applications the synthesis of the precursor is key to the performance of the final catalyst. Changes in the preparation procedure can alter the morphology, surface area, crystallinity, oxidation state and the phases present in the final catalyst which can all affect the selectivity and/or activity of the catalyst. Adding a diblock copolymer, poly(acrylic acid-co-maleic acid) (PAAMA), during the synthesis was found to influence the crystallinity and morphology of the VOHPO4·0.5H2O precursors obtained. An optimal level of copolymer was found to form precursors that showed a faster, more efficient, activation to the active catalyst, whereas high amounts of copolymer formed thin platelets, which were prone to oxidise to undesirable V5+ phases under reaction conditions, reducing the selectivity to maleic anhydride.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2044-4753
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 2 September 2015
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2018 21:32
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/84544

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