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Two novel variants in the DOPA decarboxylase gene: association with bipolar affective disorder

Borglum, A. D., Bruun, T. G., Kjeldsen, T. E., Ewald, H., Mors, O., Kirov, George, Russ, C, Freeman, B., Collier, D. A. and Kruse, T. A. 1999. Two novel variants in the DOPA decarboxylase gene: association with bipolar affective disorder. Molecular Psychiatry 4 (6) , pp. 545-551. 10.1038/sj.mp.4000559

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Abstract

DOPA decarboxylase (DDC), also known as aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the important neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. In addition, it participates in the synthesis of trace amines; compounds suggested to act as endogenous modulators of central neurotransmission. Thus, DDC is regarded as a potential susceptibility gene for a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of DDC in bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). By screening 10 individuals for sequence variations in the coding region of the DDC gene as well as in the neuron-specific promoter and 5' untranslated regions we were able to identify two fairly frequent variants: a 1-bp deletion in the promoter and a 4-bp deletion in the untranslated exon 1. Both deletions affect putative binding sites for known transcription factors, suggesting a possible functional impact at the level of expression. The two variants were applied in an association study including 80 Danish bipolar patients, 112 English bipolar patients, 223 Danish controls, and 349 English controls. Analyzing the combined material, a significant association was found between the 1-bp deletion and BPAD with P-values of 0.037 (allelic) and 0.021 (genotypic). The frequency of the 1-bp deletion was 13.3% in patients and 9.4% in controls with a corresponding odds ratio of 1. 48 (95% CI: 1.02-2.15). The results presented suggest that DDC may act as a minor susceptibility gene for bipolar affective disorder.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1359-4184
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 12:10
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81337

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