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Posttraumatic stress reactions after injury

Joy, D., Probert, R., Bisson, Jonathan Ian and Shepherd, J. P. 2000. Posttraumatic stress reactions after injury. The Journal of trauma 48 (3) , pp. 490-494. 10.1097/00005373-200003000-00020

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many individuals experience psychological distress after injury. It is unclear whether poor psychological outcome reflects pretrauma variables. METHODS: In a prospective, cross-sectional study, 152 accident and emergency department patients with physical injuries and an acute stress reaction completed trauma and psychometric questionnaires, including the Impact of Event Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: Although levels of pretrauma social, occupational, and familial functioning were high, and the modal Abbreviated Injury Scale score was 1, there were high levels of psychological distress at 3 weeks. Mean Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety and depression scores were 11.8 (SD, 4.4) and 8.7 (SD, 4.4), respectively. The mean total Impact of Event Scale score was 46.0 (SD, 16.1). Stepwise linear regression analysis found unemployment and previous history of trauma to be associated with increased symptoms of traumatic stress. CONCLUSION: Trauma patients with high levels of pretrauma functioning may develop acute psychological distress. Unemployment and previous trauma increase risk. Psychological wellbeing should be considered in routine injury assessments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Baltimore, MD : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0022-5282
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:37
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/81165

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