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Diagnostic exome sequencing to elucidate the genetic basis of likely recessive disorders in consanguineous families

Makrythanasis, Periklis, Nelis, Mari, Santoni, Federico A., Guipponi, Michel, Vannier, Anne, Béna, Frédérique, Gimelli, Stefania, Stathaki, Elisavet, Temtamy, Samia, Mégarbané, André, Masri, Amira, Aglan, Mona S., Zaki, Maha S., Bottani, Armand, Fokstuen, Siv, Gwanmesia, Lorraine, Aliferis, Konstantinos, Bustamante Eduardo, Mariana, Stamoulis, Georgios, Psoni, Stavroula, Kitsiou-Tzeli, Sofia, Fryssira, Helen, Kanavakis, Emmanouil, Al-Allawi, Nasir, Sefiani, Abdelaziz, Al Hait, Sana', Elalaoui, Siham C., Jalkh, Nadine, Al-Gazali, Lihadh, Al-Jasmi, Fatma, Bouhamed, Habiba Chaabouni, Abdalla, Ebtesam, Cooper, David Neil, Hamamy, Hanan and Antonarakis, Stylianos E. 2014. Diagnostic exome sequencing to elucidate the genetic basis of likely recessive disorders in consanguineous families. Human Mutation 35 (10) , pp. 1203-1210. 10.1002/humu.22617

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Rare, atypical, and undiagnosed autosomal-recessive disorders frequently occur in the offspring of consanguineous couples. Current routine diagnostic genetic tests fail to establish a diagnosis in many cases. We employed exome sequencing to identify the underlying molecular defects in patients with unresolved but putatively autosomal-recessive disorders in consanguineous families and postulated that the pathogenic variants would reside within homozygous regions. Fifty consanguineous families participated in the study, with a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes suggestive of autosomal-recessive inheritance, but with no definitive molecular diagnosis. DNA samples from the patient(s), unaffected sibling(s), and the parents were genotyped with a 720K SNP array. Exome sequencing and array CGH (comparative genomic hybridization) were then performed on one affected individual per family. High-confidence pathogenic variants were found in homozygosity in known disease-causing genes in 18 families (36%) (one by array CGH and 17 by exome sequencing), accounting for the clinical phenotype in whole or in part. In the remainder of the families, no causative variant in a known pathogenic gene was identified. Our study shows that exome sequencing, in addition to being a powerful diagnostic tool, promises to rapidly expand our knowledge of rare genetic Mendelian disorders and can be used to establish more detailed causative links between mutant genotypes and clinical phenotypes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1059-7794
Date of Acceptance: 30 June 2014
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2019 16:21

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