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The study of macrophage heterogeneity in the peritoneal cavity

Liao, Chia-Te 2015. The study of macrophage heterogeneity in the peritoneal cavity. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Abstract

Mononuclear phagocytes play a key role in tissue homeostasis and in host defense against pathogen invasion. However, the phenotypic identities and functional properties of this heterogeneous population within the peritoneal cavity remains poorly elucidated. In the context of peritoneal dialysis, it is hypothesized that the modification of macrophage/dendritic cell biology by the dialysis process would alter tissue homeostasis, host susceptibility to infection and local immunity, compromising long-term outcomes of the patients. The research work carried out in this thesis has tested this hypothesis by examination of the immunobiology (mainly phenotype and function) of human and murine peritoneal macrophage and dendritic cell subsets. Moreover, the potential link between the altered immunobiology of peritoneal mononuclear phagocytes and clinical outcomes of the dialysis patients has been investigated. Several key findings were generated during these studies: 1) multiple discrete peritoneal macrophage and dendritic cell subsets have been phenotypically identified in humans (from different clinical settings of peritoneal dialysis) and in mice (from naïve and inflamed conditions); 2) in humans, the phenotypes and the activation/maturation status of peritoneal macrophages and dendritic cells are modified throughout the dialysis course and also during acute peritonitis; some characteristic alterations are associated with adverse patient outcomes; 3) in mice, the distinctive kinetics of the respective peritoneal macrophage and dendritic cell subsets in clinically relevant acute peritonitis models have been characterized; 4) individual peritoneal macrophage and dendritic cell subsets (human and mice) display differences in their phagocytic capacity and the ability to process and present antigen.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2017 01:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/76762

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