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Swelling pressures and one-dimensional compressibility behaviour of bentonite at large pressures

Baille, W., Tripathy, Snehasis and Schanz, T. 2010. Swelling pressures and one-dimensional compressibility behaviour of bentonite at large pressures. Applied Clay Science 48 (3) , pp. 324-333. 10.1016/j.clay.2010.01.002

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Abstract

In this study, the swelling pressures and one-dimensional compressibility behaviour of several compacted saturated bentonite specimens were determined. Laboratory oedometer tests were carried out on a bentonite from Germany, using distilled water as the bulk fluid. A newly developed high pressure oedometer device was used that enabled measurement of swelling pressures of initially unsaturated compacted bentonite specimens (strain-controlled tests) and then facilitated subsequent loading the specimens up to 25 MPa. Several initial compaction conditions (i.e., dry density and water content) of the bentonite were considered. The test results showed that both initial water content and compaction dry density influenced the swelling pressure of the bentonite. For the range of void ratio considered in this study, the swelling pressures of compacted saturated specimens were found to be significantly smaller than the applied vertical pressures during the consolidation tests. Also, the compression paths of compacted saturated specimens remained distinctly below that of the compression path for the initially saturated bentonite specimen even at very large pressures. The initial compaction conditions affected the compression index of the bentonite, whereas the effects were found to be less significant on the decompression index. The effect of initial compaction conditions on the coefficient of consolidation was found to be significant at void ratios greater than 0.5. The variation of the coefficient of permeability with the void ratio was found to be distinctly bilinear for an initially saturated bentonite specimen, whereas the permeability varied linearly with the void ratio for compacted saturated specimens. In general, the compacted saturated bentonite specimens were found to be more permeable than the initially saturated bentonite.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expansive clay; Bentonite; Compressibility; Swelling pressure; Radioactive waste disposal
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1872-9053
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/7624

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