Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The bullwhip effect: progress, trends and directions

Wang, Xun and Disney, Stephen Michael 2016. The bullwhip effect: progress, trends and directions. European Journal of Operational Research 250 (3) , pp. 691-701. 10.1016/j.ejor.2015.07.022

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


The bullwhip effect refers to the phenomenon where order variability increases as the orders move upstream in the supply chain. This paper provides a review of the bullwhip literature which adopts empirical, experimental and analytical methodologies. Early econometric evidence of bullwhip is highlighted. Findings from empirical and experimental research are compared with analytical and simulation results. Assumptions and approximations for modelling the bullwhip effect in terms of demand, forecast, delay, replenishment policy, and coordination strategy are considered. We identify recent research trends and future research directions concerned with supply chain structure, product type, price, competition and sustainability.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Centre for Advanced Manufacturing Systems At Cardiff (CAMSAC)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bullwhip effect; Supply chain management; Literature review
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0377-2217
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 8 July 2015
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 02:37

Citation Data

Cited 75 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics