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Effects of unemployment, conviction, and incarceration on employment. A longitudinal study on the employment prospects of disadvantaged youths

Verbruggen, Janna 2016. Effects of unemployment, conviction, and incarceration on employment. A longitudinal study on the employment prospects of disadvantaged youths. British Journal of Criminology 56 (4) , pp. 729-749. 10.1093/bjc/azv074

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effects of a history of unemployment, conviction and incarceration on the likelihood of being employed in a sample of disadvantaged youths. All youths (N = 540) were institutionalized in adolescence. From age 18 to 32 official data were available on employment, convictions and incarceration. To control for unobserved heterogeneity, fixed effects models are used to estimate effects of unemployment, conviction and incarceration on the likelihood of employment. Results show that for men, a criminal background does not damage employment prospects when a history of unemployment is taken into account. However, for women, a criminal record does lower employment chances in addition to the detrimental effects of unemployment.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (CCLJ)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0007-0955
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 16:59
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/74280

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