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An investigation into the comparative efficacy of soluble aspirin and solid paracetamol in postoperative pain after third molar surgery

Seymour, R. A., Hawkesford, J. E., Sykes, J., Stillings, M. and Hill, C. Michael 2003. An investigation into the comparative efficacy of soluble aspirin and solid paracetamol in postoperative pain after third molar surgery. British Dental Journal 194 (3) , pp. 153-157. 10.1038/sj.bdj.4809898

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Abstract

Objective To compare the efficacy of soluble aspirin 900 mg and paracetamol 1,000 mg in patients with postoperative pain after third molar surgery. Design A randomised, placebo controlled, double-blind study. Setting Day stay units of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Cardiff Dental Hospital and Hexham General Hospital, Northumberland. Subjects and methods One hundred and sixty-seven (104 female) patients who required the removal of their impacted third molars under general anaesthesia. Intervention In the early postoperative period, patients were medicated with either a single dose of soluble aspirin 900 mg, solid paracetamol 1,000 mg or placebo. Main outcome measures Pain intensity was measured on 100 mm visual analogue scales at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120 and 240 minutes after dosing. Other efficacy variables evaluated included time to rescue medication and an overall assessment of the study medication efficacy by the patient on completion of the study. Results One hundred and sixty-seven patients consented to take part in the study, but only 153 were medicated. Of the 14 patients not treated, 10 failed to develop sufficient pain to enter the study, two withdrew consent, one had an adverse reaction to the general anaesthetic and one was a protocol violator. Over the four hour investigation period, patients treated with soluble aspirin reported significantly less pain when compared with those treated with paracetamol (mean difference in AUC0-240 = -2001, 95% CI -3893 to -109, p=0.038) and placebo (mean difference in AUC0-240 = -3470, 95% CI -5719 to -1221, p=0.003). Similarly, at 20 and 30 minutes after dosing, patients in the soluble aspirin group were reporting significantly less pain than those in the paracetamol treatment group (mean difference in pain intensity: at 20 minutes -7.9, 95% CI -15.3 to -0.6, p=0.035; at 30 minutes -10.6, 95% CI -18.6 to -2.6, p=0.010). There were no significant differences between treatment groups with respect to the number of patients requiring rescue medication, however the time to dosing was significantly longer for those taking soluble aspirin when compared with placebo (hazard ratio 2.34, 95% CI 1.41 to 3.88, p<0.001). Conclusion The findings from this study showed that soluble aspirin 900 mg provides significant and more rapid analgesia than paracetamol 1,000 mg in the early postoperative period after third molar surgery

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
ISSN: 1476-5373
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2020 02:02
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/734

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