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Coelenterate photoproteins as indicators of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ in small cells

Campbell, A. K., Dormer, R. L. and Hallett, Maurice Bartlett 1985. Coelenterate photoproteins as indicators of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ in small cells. Cell Calcium 6 (1-2) , pp. 69-82. 10.1016/0143-4160(85)90035-1

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Abstract

The Ca2+-activated photoproteins aequorin and obelin are capable of detecting rapid changes in free Ca2+ over the range 10nM–100uM. Whilst they have been used to quantify free Ca transients in giant cells for some time, their use in small mammalian cells has been restricted because of the difficulty of incorporating them into live cells without impairment of cell function. We have developed three methods for incorporating photoproteins into small cells (a) reversible cell swelling (b) membrane fusion and (c) intracellular release from pinocytotic vesicles. Formation of the membrane attack complex of complement (C5b6789), via a specific cell surface antibody to activate complement, causes a rapid increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ detectable within 5–10 s. It provides a specific method for quantifying cytoplasmic photoprotein. As a result new insights into the role of intracellular Ca2+ in cell physiology and pathology have been established.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0143-4160
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:06
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/72943

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