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siRNA inhibition of endocytic pathways to characterize the cellular uptake mechanisms of folate functionalized glycol chitosan nanogels

Pereira, Paula, Pedrosa, Sílvia S., Wymant, Jennifer M., Sayers, Edward, Correia, Alexandra, Vilanova, Manuel, Jones, Arwyn Tomos and Gama, Francisco M. 2015. siRNA inhibition of endocytic pathways to characterize the cellular uptake mechanisms of folate functionalized glycol chitosan nanogels. Molecular Pharmaceutics 12 (6) , pp. 1970-1979. 10.1021/mp500785t

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Abstract

Glycol chitosan nanogels have been widely used in gene, drug and contrast agent delivery in an effort to improve disease diagnosis and treatment. Herein, we evaluate the internalization mechanisms and intracellular fate of previously described glycol chitosan nanogels decorated with folate to target the folate receptor. Nanogel internalization in HeLa cells was folate dependent and occurred mainly through flotillin-1 and Cdc42-dependent endocytosis. This was determined by inhibition of uptake reduction observed upon siRNA depletion of these two proteins and the pathways that they regulate. The data also suggest the involvement of the actin cytoskeleton in nanogel uptake via macropinocytosis. After 7 h of incubation with HeLa cells, approximately half of the nanogel population was localised in endolysosomal compartments, while the remaining 50% of the material was in undefined regions of the cytoplasm. Glycol chitosan nanogels may thus have potential as drug delivery vectors for targeting different intracellular compartments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1543-8384
Funders: EPSRC, Cancer Reseach UK
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 09:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/72484

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