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Fludarabine phosphate and melphalan: a reduced intensity conditioning regimen suitable for allogeneic transplantation that maintains the graft versus malignancy effect

Dasgupta, R. K., Rule, S., Johnson, P., Davies, J., Burnett, Alan Kenneth, Poynton, Christopher, Wilson, Keith, Smith, G. M., Jackson, G., Richardson, C., Wareham, E., Stars, A. C., Tollerfield, S. M. and Morgan, G. J. 2006. Fludarabine phosphate and melphalan: a reduced intensity conditioning regimen suitable for allogeneic transplantation that maintains the graft versus malignancy effect. Bone Marrow Transplantation -Basingstoke then London- 37 (5) , pp. 455-461. 10.1038/sj.bmt.1705271

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Abstract

Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) for allogeneic stem cell transplantation allows stable donor cell engraftment with the maintenance of a graft versus malignancy effect. Many different regimens exist employing various combinations of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and T-cell depletion. We examined the role of non-T-cell depleted RIC regimens in 56 patients with haematological malignancies. Patients received fludarabine phosphate for 5 days (30 mg/m2 in 35 patients, 25 mg/m2 in 21 patients) and melphalan for 1 day (140 mg/m2 in 36 patients, 100 mg/m2 in 20 patients). Immunosuppression was with CyA alone in 33 patients and CyA/MTX in 23 patients. Twenty-four of the 26 patients with chimerism data showed >95% donor chimerism at 3 months post transplant. aGVHD occurred in 18% of patients receiving CyA/MTX compared to 53% of patients receiving CyA. The 100-day mortality rate was 0.16 (95%CI 0.08–0.28) and 1-year nonrelapse mortality was 0.24 (95%CI 0.13–0.38). Thirty-three patients remained alive and in CR at a median of 19 months post transplant (range 3–38 months). We have shown that patients transplanted with fludarabine phosphate, melphalan 100 mg/m2 and with CyA/MTX as post transplant immunosuppression can achieve good disease control with an acceptable level of toxicity. Further studies are required to confirm these findings.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0268-3369
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2017 05:17
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71923

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