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The endoplasmic reticulum as one continuous Ca2+ pool: Visualization of rapid Ca2+ movements and equilibration

Park, Myoung Kyu, Petersen, Ole Holger and Tepikin, Alexei V. 2000. The endoplasmic reticulum as one continuous Ca2+ pool: Visualization of rapid Ca2+ movements and equilibration. Embo Journal 19 (21) , pp. 5587-5941. 10.1093/emboj/19.21.5729

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Abstract

We investigated whether the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a functionally connected Ca2+ store or is composed of separate subunits by monitoring movements of Ca2+ and small fluorescent probes in the ER lumen of pancreatic acinar cells, using confocal microscopy, local bleaching and uncaging. We observed rapid movements and equilibration of Ca2+ and the probes. The bulk of the ER at the base was not connected to the granules in the apical part, but diffusion into small apical ER extensions occurred. The connectivity of the ER Ca2+ store was robust, since even supramaximal acetylcholine (ACh) stimulation for 30 rain did not result in functional fragmentation. ACh could elicit a uniform decrease in the ER Ca2+ concentration throughout the cell, but repetitive cytosolic Ca2+ spikes, induced by a low ACh concentration, hardly reduced the ER Ca2+ level. We conclude that the ER is a functionally continuous unit, which enables efficient Ca2+ liberation. Ca2+ released from the apical ER terminals is quickly replenished from the bulk of the rough ER at the base.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0261-4189
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71693

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