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Localized Ca2+ uncaging reveals polarized distribution of Ca2+-sensitive Ca2+ release sites: mechanism of unidirectional Ca2+ waves

Ashby, M. C., Craske, M., Park, M. K., Gerasimenko, Oleg Vsevolodovich, Burgoyne, R. D., Petersen, Ole Holger and Tepikin, A. V. 2002. Localized Ca2+ uncaging reveals polarized distribution of Ca2+-sensitive Ca2+ release sites: mechanism of unidirectional Ca2+ waves. Journal of cell biology 158 (2) , pp. 283-292.

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Abstract

Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) plays an important role in the generation of cytosolic Ca2+ signals in many cell types. However, it is inherently difficult to distinguish experimentally between the contributions of messenger-induced Ca2+ release and CICR. We have directly tested the CICR sensitivity of different regions of intact pancreatic acinar cells using local uncaging of caged Ca2+. In the apical region, local uncaging of Ca2+ was able to trigger a CICR wave, which propagated toward the base. CICR could not be triggered in the basal region, despite the known presence of ryanodine receptors. The triggering of CICR from the apical region was inhibited by a pharmacological block of ryanodine or inositol trisphosphate receptors, indicating that global signals require coordinated Ca2+ release. Subthreshold agonist stimulation increased the probability of triggering CICR by apical uncaging, and uncaging-induced CICR could activate long-lasting Ca2+ oscillations. However, with subthreshold stimulation, CICR could still not be initiated in the basal region. CICR is the major process responsible for global Ca2+ transients, and intracellular variations in sensitivity to CICR predetermine the activation pattern of Ca2+ waves.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Publisher: Rockefeller University Press,
ISSN: 0021-9525
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/71690

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