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Polymodal regulation of hTREK1 by pH, arachidonic acid, and hypoxia: Physiological impact in acidosis and alkalosis

Miller, Paula, Peers, Chris and Kemp, Paul J. 2004. Polymodal regulation of hTREK1 by pH, arachidonic acid, and hypoxia: Physiological impact in acidosis and alkalosis. American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology 286 (2) , C272-C282. 10.1152/ajpcell.00334.2003

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Expression of the human tandem P domain K+ channel, hTREK1, is limited almost exclusively to the central nervous system, where ambient PO2 can be as low as 20 Torr. We have previously shown that this level of hypoxia evokes a maximal inhibitory influence on recombinant hTREK1 and occludes the activation by arachidonic acid; this has cast doubt on the idea that TREK1 activation during brain ischemia could facilitate neuroprotection via hyperpolarizing neurons in which it is expressed. Using both whole cell and cell-attached patch-clamp configurations, we now show that the action of another potent TREK activator and ischemia-related event, intracellular acidification, is similarly without effect during compromised O2 availability. This occlusion is observed in either recording condition, and even the concerted actions of both arachidonic acid and intracellular acidosis are unable to activate hTREK1 during hypoxia. Conversely, intracellular alkalinization is a potent channel inhibitor, and hypoxia does not reverse this inhibition. However, increases in intracellular pH are unable to occlude either arachidonic acid activation or hypoxic inhibition. These data highlight two important points. First, during hypoxia, modulation of hTREK1 cannot be accomplished by parameters known to be perturbed in brain ischemia (increased extracellular fatty acids and intracellular acidification). Second, the mechanism of regulation by intracellular alkalinization is distinct from the overlapping structural requirements known to exist for regulation by arachidonic acid, membrane distortion, and acidosis. Thus it seems likely that hTREK1 regulation in the brain will be physiologically more relevant during alkalosis than during ischemia or acidosis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:01

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