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Guardians upon high: an application of routine activities theory to online identity theft in Europe at the country and individual level

Williams, Matthew Leighton 2016. Guardians upon high: an application of routine activities theory to online identity theft in Europe at the country and individual level. British Journal of Criminology 56 (1) , pp. 21-48. 10.1093/bjc/azv011

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Abstract

Online fraud is the most prevalent acquisitive crime in Europe. This study applies routine activities theory to a subset of online fraud, online identity theft, by exploring country-level mechanisms, in addition to individual determinants via a multi-level analysis of Eurobarometer survey data. This paper adds to the theory of cybercrime and policy debates by: (1) showing that country physical guardianship (e.g. cyber security strategy) moderates the effects of individual physical guardianship; (2) introducing a typology of online capable guardianship: passive physical, active personal and avoidance personal guardianship; (3) showing that online identity theft is associated with personal and physical guardianship; and (4) identifying public Internet access and online auction selling as highly risky routine activities. The paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of studying country-level effects on online identity theft victimization.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (CCLJ)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0007-0955
Funders: ESRC, EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 10:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/70423

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