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Crystal structure of Schizosaccharomyces pombe riboflavin kinase reveals a novel ATP and riboflavin-binding fold

Bauer, Stefanie, Kemter, Kristina, Bacher, Adelbert, Huber, Robert, Fischer, Markus and Steinbacher, Stefan 2003. Crystal structure of Schizosaccharomyces pombe riboflavin kinase reveals a novel ATP and riboflavin-binding fold. Journal of Molecular Biology 326 (5) , pp. 1463-1473. 10.1016/S0022-2836(03)00059-7

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Abstract

The essential redox cofactors riboflavin monophosphate (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) are synthesised from their precursor, riboflavin, in sequential reactions by the metal-dependent riboflavin kinase and FAD synthetase. Here, we describe the 1.6 Å crystal structure of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe riboflavin kinase. The enzyme represents a novel family of phosphoryl transferring enzymes. It is a monomer comprising a central β-barrel clasped on one side by two C-terminal helices that display an L-like shape. The opposite side of the β-barrel serves as a platform for substrate binding as demonstrated by complexes with ADP and FMN. Formation of the ATP-binding site requires significant rearrangements in a short α-helix as compared to the substrate free form. The diphosphate moiety of ADP is covered by the glycine-rich flap I formed from parts of this α-helix. In contrast, no significant changes are observed upon binding of riboflavin. The ribityl side-chain might be covered by a rather flexible flap II. The unusual metal-binding site involves, in addition to the ADP phosphates, only the strictly conserved Thr45. This may explain the preference for zinc observed in vitro.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-2836
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 11:00
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/70197

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