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A functional Ni-Ni-[4Fe-4S] cluster in the monomeric acetyl-CoA synthase from Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans

Svetlitchnyi, V., Dobbek, H., Meyer-Klaucke, W., Meins, T., Thiele, B., Romer, P., Huber, Robert and Meyer, O. 2003. A functional Ni-Ni-[4Fe-4S] cluster in the monomeric acetyl-CoA synthase from Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101 (2) , pp. 446-451. 10.1073/pnas.0304262101

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Abstract

In anaerobic microorganisms employing the acetyl-CoA pathway, acetyl-CoA synthase (ACS) and CO dehydrogenase (CODH) form a complex (ACS/CODH) that catalyzes the synthesis of acetyl-CoA from CO, a methyl group, and CoA. Previously, a [4Fe-4S] cubane bridged to a copper-nickel binuclear site (active site cluster A of the ACS component) was identified in the ACSMt/CODHMt from Moorella thermoacetica whereas another study revealed a nickel-nickel site in the open form of ACSMt, and a zink-nickel site in the closed form. The ACSCh of the hydrogenogenic bacterium Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans was found to exist as an 82.2-kDa monomer as well as in a 1:1 molar complex with the 73.3-kDa CODHIIICh. Homogenous ACSCh and ACSCh/CODHIIICh catalyzed the exchange between [1-14C]acetyl-CoA and 12CO with specific activities of 2.4 or 5.9 μmol of CO per min per mg, respectively, at 70°C and pH 6.0. They also catalyzed the synthesis of acetyl-CoA from CO, methylcobalamin, corrinoid iron-sulfur protein, and CoA with specific activities of 0.14 or 0.91 μmol of acetyl-CoA formed per min per mg, respectively, at 70°C and pH 7.3. The functional cluster A of ACSCh contains a Ni-Ni-[4Fe-4S] site, in which the positions proximal and distal to the cubane are occupied by Ni ions. This result is apparent from a positive correlation of the Ni contents and negative correlations of the Cu or Zn contents with the acetyl-CoA/CO exchange activities of different preparations of monomeric ACSCh, a 2.2-Å crystal structure of the dithionite-reduced monomer in an open conformation, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 11:00
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/70172

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