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Landscape and agricultural patterns in rural areas: a case study in the Brionne basin, Normandy, France

Durance, Isabelle and Alard, Didier 1997. Landscape and agricultural patterns in rural areas: a case study in the Brionne basin, Normandy, France. Journal of Environmental Management 50 (4) , pp. 335-349. 10.1006/jema.1997.0134

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Abstract

Landscape changes over a period of 25 years were assessed for a catchment basin in Normandy, France. Landscape attributes, i.e. land use, land cover and natural habitat, were obtained from aerial photographs (1964, 1989) and soil maps, to define a landscape typology. Data were aggregated on a 500 m×500 m grid system and treated by multivariate analysis. Results of these analysis show that this rural landscape has undergone changes in landcover (mainly grassland receding to crop) as well as changes in spatial structure (mainly increase of plot size and uniformisation). These changes were related to a typology of farms (realised by multivariate analysis of a field survey on the 38 registered farms of the site). Results suggest that (i) farms with a narrow range of production, i.e. specialised farms, are located on a narrow range of environmental conditions and are associated with stable landscapes, while (ii) farms with a broader range of production (i.e. polyculture) are distributed more widely throughout the landscape, and are mostly associated with the landscape changes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: landscape structure; landscape changes; farming structures; grid mapping
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-4797
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:56
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/70051

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