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Light and electron microscopic characterization of the evolution of cellular pathology in the Hdh((CAG)150) Huntington's disease knock-in mouse

Bayram-Weston, Zubeyde, Torres, Eduardo Miguel, Jones, Lesley, Dunnett, Stephen Bruce and Brooks, Simon Philip 2012. Light and electron microscopic characterization of the evolution of cellular pathology in the Hdh((CAG)150) Huntington's disease knock-in mouse. Brain Research Bulletin 88 (2-3) , pp. 189-198. 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2011.03.014

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Abstract

Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant, progressive neurodegenerative disease in which a single mutation in the gene responsible for the protein huntingtin leads to a primarily striatal and cortical neuronal loss, resulting progressive motor, cognitive and psychiatric disability and ultimately death. The mutation induces an abnormal protein accumulation within cells, although the precise role of this accumulation in the disease process is unknown. Several animal models have been created to model the disease. In the present study, the pathology of the Hdh(CAG(150)) mouse model was analyzed longitudinally over 24 months. At 5 months of age, the mutant N-terminal antibody S830 found dense nuclear staining and nuclear inclusions in the olfactory tubercle and striatum of the Hdh(Q150/Q150) mice. Nuclear inclusions increased in number and size with age and disease progression, and spread in ventral to dorsal, and anterior to posterior pattern. Electron microscopy observations at 14 months of age revealed that the neurons showed a normal nucleus having a circular shape and regular membranes in a densely packed cytoplasm, whereas by 21 months the cytoplasm was vacuolated and contained swollen mitochondria with many degenerated cytoplasmic organelles. Immunogold labelling of the S830 antibody was found to be specifically localised to the inner area of the neuronal intra-nuclear inclusions. Our data demonstrate a marked and progressive cellular phenotype that begins at 5 months of age and progresses with time. The pathology the Hdh(Q150/Q150) line was focused on the striatum and cortex until the late stage of the disease, consistent with the human condition.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Uncontrolled Keywords: Huntington's disease; Aggregations; Inclusions; HdhQ150/Q150; Knock-in; Transmission electron microscope (TEM)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1873-2747
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 02:42
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/6924

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