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Reduced left ventricular functional reserve in hypertensive patients with preserved function at rest

Kozakova, M., Fraser, Alan Gordon, Buralli, S., Magagna, A., Salvetti, A., Ferrannini, E. and Palombo, C. 2005. Reduced left ventricular functional reserve in hypertensive patients with preserved function at rest. Hypertension -Dallas- 45 (4) , pp. 619-624. 10.1161/01.hyp.0000158838.34131.30

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In many hypertensive patients, left ventricular pump function is normal at rest but abnormal during exercise. Myocardial dysfunction or altered left ventricular loading may be responsible for this finding. To verify the hypothesis of impaired myocardial functional reserve in the hypertensive heart, we assessed the response of stress-adjusted midwall shortening to graded, low-dose dobutamine infusion in hypertensive subjects with normal midwall shortening at rest. Sixty-five subjects (45 never treated hypertensive subjects and 20 normotensive volunteers comparable for age) received dobutamine at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) for 5-minute steps; within this range of infusion rates, heart rate and systemic blood pressure were stable. Two-dimensional, M-mode, and Doppler echocardiography were performed at baseline and at the end of each step. In normotensive controls, midwall shortening increased from baseline during 2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) dobutamine by an average of 16+/-4.5% (P<0.01); a value of 2 standard deviations below this mean response was taken as the lower limit of normal. In the hypertensive subjects, 24 had a normal midwall shortening response to dobutamine at this dose (group I) and 21 had a subnormal response (group II). Whereas blood pressure and left ventricular mass were similar in group II and group I, the former had greater relative wall thickness (P<0.01) than the latter. beta-adrenergic stimulation by very-low-dose dobutamine unmasks subtle impairment of myocardial functional reserve in hypertensive subjects with normal myocardial performance at rest. This alteration seems to be related mainly to increase in left ventricular relative wall thickness.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: American Heart Association
ISSN: 0194-911X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:52

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