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The quest for petascale computing

Dongarra, Jack J. and Walker, David William 2001. The quest for petascale computing. Computing in Science & Engineering 3 (3) , pp. 32-39. 10.1109/5992.919263

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Abstract

Although the challenges to achieving petascale computing within the next decade are daunting, several software and hardware technologies are emerging that could help us reach this goal. The authors review these technologies and consider new algorithms capable of exploiting a petascale computer's architecture. One petaflop per second is a rate of computation corresponding to 10[superscript 15] floating-point operations per second. To be of use in scientific computing, a computer capable of this prodigious speed needs a main memory of tens or hundreds of terabytes and enormous amounts of mass storage. Sophisticated compilers and high memory and I/O bandwidth are also essential to exploit the architecture efficiently. To mask the hardware and software complexities from the scientific end user, it would be advantageous to access and use a petascale computer through an advanced problem-solving environment. Immersive visualization environments could play an important role in analyzing and navigating the output from petascale computations. Thus, petascale computing is capable of driving the next decade of research in high-performance computing and communications and will require advances across all aspects of it.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Uncontrolled Keywords: 10[superscript 15] FLOPS ; I/O bandwidth ; advanced problem-solving environment ; compilers ; floating-point operations ; hardware technologies ; high-performance computing ; immersive visualization environments ; main memory ; mass storage ; petascale computations ; petascale computer architecture ; petascale computing ; scientific computing ; scientific end user ; software technologies
Additional Information: ------- Publisher's copyright requirements "Copyright (2004) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Tian, Y and Li, G and Shinar, J and Wang, N. L. and Cook, B A and Anderegg, J. W. and Constant, A. P. and Russell, A M and Snyder, John Evan (2004) Electrical transport in amorphous semiconducting AlMgB14 films. Applied Physics Letters , 85 (7). pp. 1181-1183. ISSN 10773118 (10.1063/1.1781738)and may be found at http://apl.aip.org/resource/1/applab/v85/i7/p1181_s1."
ISSN: 15219615
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/6864

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