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Priority targeting of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins to the bile-canalicular (apical) plasma membrane of hepatocytes. Involvement of 'late' endosomes

Ali, Nawab and Evans, William Howard 1990. Priority targeting of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins to the bile-canalicular (apical) plasma membrane of hepatocytes. Involvement of 'late' endosomes. Biochemical Journal 271 (1) , pp. 193-199.

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Abstract

1. Liver plasma membranes originating from the sinusoidal, lateral and canalicular surface domains of hepatocytes were covalently labelled with sulpho-N-hydroxysuccinamide-biotin. After solubilization in Triton X-114, treatment with a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC), two-phase partitioning and 125I-streptavidin labelling of the proteins resolved by PAGE, six major polypeptides (molecular masses 110, 85, 70, 55, 38 and 35 kDa) were shown to be anchored in bile canalicular membrane vesicles by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (G-PI) 'tail'. 2. Permeabilized 'early' and 'late' endocytic vesicles isolated from liver were also examined. Two polypeptides (110 and 35 kDa) were shown to be anchored by a G-PI tail in 'late' endocytic vesicles. 3. Analysis of marker enzymes in bile-canalicular vesicles treated with PI-PLC showed that 5'-nucleotidase and alkaline phosphatase, but not leucine aminopeptidase and ecto-Ca2(+)-ATPase activities were released from the membrane. A low release and recovery of alkaline phosphodiesterase activity was noted. The cleavage from the membrane of 5'-nucleotidase as a 70 kDa polypeptide was confirmed by Western blotting using an antibody to this enzyme. 4. Antibodies raised to proteins released from bile-canalicular vesicles by PI-PLC treatment, and purified by partitioning in aqueous and Triton X-114 phases, localized to the bile canaliculi in thin liver sections. Antibodies to proteins not hydrolysed by this treatment stained by immunofluorescence the sinusoidal and canalicular surface regions of hepatocytes. 5. Antibodies generated to proteins cleaved by PI-PLC treatment of canalicular vesicles were shown to identify, by Western blotting, a major 110 kDa polypeptide in these vesicles. Two polypeptides (55 and 38 kDa) were detected in MDCK and HepG-2 cultured cells. 6. Since two of the six G-PI-anchored proteins targeted to the bile-canalicular plasma membrane were also detected in 'late' endocytic vesicles, the results suggest that a junction where exocytic and endocytic traffic routes meet occurs in a 'late' endocytic compartment.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0264-6021
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:40
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/66861

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