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Miners, masculinity and the 'Bataille du Charbon' in France 1944-1948

Diamond, Hanna 2011. Miners, masculinity and the 'Bataille du Charbon' in France 1944-1948. Modern and Contemporary France 19 (1) , pp. 69-84. 10.1080/09639489.2010.540004

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Abstract

In 1944, the French provisional government, backed by the Parti communiste français and the Confédération générale du travail, undertook an aggressive propaganda campaign to persuade miners to embark upon a ‘battle for coal’ which raised their efforts in extracting coal to that of a national endeavour. At the same time, miners had great hopes that nationalisation of the coal industry, under discussion at this time, would bring significant improvement to their working lives. In identifying the ways in which publicists posited miners as an ideal of working-class manhood, this article will argue that ‘la bataille du charbon’ marks a crucial moment in the celebration of working-class masculinity and that the ‘statut des mineurs’ which was passed in 1946 as a part of nationalisation enshrined many of the existing gender assumptions about mining life. What does an incorporation of gender to an analysis of the treatment of miners in the years 1944–1948 add to our understandings of the various economic, political and social dynamics around ‘la bataille du charbon’? How do these insights inform our perceptions of French coalfield societies in the mid-twentieth century?

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Modern Languages
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
ISSN: 0963-9489
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/66543

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