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Elevated Src kinase activity attenuates tamoxifen response in vitro and is associated with poor prognosis clinically

Morgan, Liam David, Gee, Julia Margaret Wendy, Pumford, Sara Louise, Farrow, Lynne, Finlay, Pauline, Robertson, John, Ellis, Ian, Kawakatsu, Hisaaki, Nicholson, Robert Ian and Hiscox, Stephen Edward 2009. Elevated Src kinase activity attenuates tamoxifen response in vitro and is associated with poor prognosis clinically. Cancer Biology and Therapy 8 (16) , pp. 1550-1558. 10.4161/cbt.8.16.8954

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Abstract

Activated Src kinase may contribute to the progression and spread of breast cancers and recent in vitro evidence suggests a role for Src in acquired endocrine resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether modulation of Src activity in endocrine-sensitive and endocrine-resistant breast cancer cells directly affected their phenotype and sensitivity to 4-hydroxytamoxifen (tamoxifen) and to determine whether Src activity in breast cancer tissue affected patient outcome. Expression of constitutively active Src in ER-positive, endocrine-sensitive MCF7 breast cancer cells resulted in the development of an aggressive phenotype, akin to that previously observed in cell models of tamoxifen resistance, and, significantly, attenuated their response to tamoxifen. Conversely, expression of dominant negative-Src in tamoxifen-resistant MCF7 cells re-sensitised them to tamoxifen. An exploratory immunohistochemical study of an archival primary breast tumour series (n = 75) with parallel clinicopathological data and in normal breast tissues (n = 19) revealed higher levels of activated Src in the cytoplasm (p < 0.01) and lower levels of nuclear Src (p < 0.01) in tumour tissue compared with normal tissue. Whereas elevated levels of activated-Src in the cytoplasm of tumours was significantly associated with reduced survival in ER+ patients (p = 0.031), elevated levels of activated Src within the nucleus appeared to associate with an improved hormonal response. Together these data are further suggestive of a role for Src in breast cancer where it may alter response to endocrine therapy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Landes Bioscience
ISSN: 1538-4047
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 23:19
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/6654

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