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Relation of Chlamydia pneumoniae serology to mortality and incidence of ischaemic heart disease over years in the Caerphilly prospective

Strachan, D. P., Carrington, D., Mendall, M. A., Ballam, L., Morris, J., Butland, B. K., Sweetnam, P. M., Elwood, Peter Creighton and West, R. R. Relation of Chlamydia pneumoniae serology to mortality and incidence of ischaemic heart disease over years in the Caerphilly prospective. BMJ 318 (7190) , pp. 1035-1040. 10.1136/bmj.318.7190.1035

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Abstract Objectives: To investigate the effect of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection on future development of ischaemic heart disease and mortality. Design: Prospective longitudinal study. Setting: Caerphilly, South Wales. Subjects: Plasma specimens were collected during 1979-83 from 1773 men aged 45-59 years. These were tested for IgG and IgA antibodies to C pneumoniae (TW183) by microimmunofluorescence. Outcome measures: 13 year mortality and incident ischaemic heart disease events were ascertained from death certificates, hospital records, and electrocardiographic changes at follow up every 4 to 5 years. Results: 642 men (36.2%) had IgG antibodies at a titre of <=1 in 16, of whom 362 (20.4% of all men) also had detectable IgA antibodies. The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease (a history of past or current disease) at entry was similar at all IgG antibody titres but was positively related to IgA antibody titre. IgAantibody titre was positively correlated with plasma viscosity but not with other cardiovascular risk factors. Incidence of ischaemic heart disease was not associated with either IgG antibody titre or IgAantibody titre, but there were stronger and significant relations ofIgA antibodies with all cause mortality and fatal ischaemic heart disease, which persisted after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors. The odds ratios associated with detectableIgA antibodies were 1.07 (95% confidence interval 0.75 to 1.53) for all incident ischaemic heart disease, 1.83 (1.17 to 2.85) for fatal ischaemic heart disease, and 1.50 (1.10 to 2.04) for all cause mortality. Conclusion: This is the first prospective demonstration of an association between IgA antibodies to C pneumoniae, a putative marker of chronic infection, and subsequent risk of death from ischaemic heart disease. In contrast to earlier case-control studies, IgG antibodies were not associated with either prevalent or incident ischaemic heart disease.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 0959-8138
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:52

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